Bibliography

Presently, the only way to search this list is to use your browsers search engine (usually found under “Tools”). This will allow you to search for words or strings of words.

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

A

Addison, E. M., and B. Boles. 1978. Helminth parasites of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) from the District of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories, Canada. Can. J. Zoo. 56: 2241-2242.

Allen, A. W. 1987. The relationship between habitat and furbearers. Pages 164-179 (in )M. Novak, J. A. Baker, M. E. Obbard eds. Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario.

Allen, G. M. 1972. Extinct and vanishing mammals of the western hemisphere with the marine species of all the oceans. Special Publ. No. 11, Cooper Square Publishers Inc., New York: 620 pp.

Álvarez-Lao, D.J., and N. Garciá. 2010. Chronological distribution of Pleistocene cold-adapted large mammal faunas in the Iberian Peninsula. Quaternary International 212: 20–128.
Anderson, E. 1977. Pleistocene mustelidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Fairbanks, Alaska. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology: 148: 1-21.

Anderson, R. A. 1946. Catalogue of Canadian recent mammals. Ottawa, In: National Museum of Canada. Bulletin No. 102. Biological Series No. 31.

Anonymous. 1946. The wolverine in Colorado. Colo. Cons. Comments: 9(1): 22.

Anonymous. 1944. Wolverine in Ohio? Yes, and now it’s a museum piece. Ohio Cons. Bull.: 8(6): 10.

Anonymous. 1947. Wolverines at the Detroit Zoological Park. Your Zoo: No. 2.

Anonymous. 1954. Predator Control Annual Report. U.S. Dep. Inter. (FWS), Branch of Predator & Rodent Control, Alaska District.

Anonymous. 1974. Wolverine status. US Dep. Int. Fish and Wildlife Service unpubl. rep.: 10 pp.

Anonymous. 1979. Wolverines reported in Colorado. High Country News: 11(6): 9.

Anonymous. ? A wolverine taken in cascades. Oregon State Game Comm. Bull. ?: ?

Anelli, F. 1941. Un importante reporto di (Gulo gulo L). Nella grotta di Castagnavizza. Grotte Italia: 4: 92-118.

Anthony, H. E. 1928. Field book of North American mammals. B. P. Putnam’s Sons, New York. 674 pp.

Armstrong, D. M. 1972. Distribution of mammals in Colorado. Univ. of Kansas Museum of Natural History. 1-415.

Arnemo, J. M., P. Dypsund, F. Berntsen, J. Schulze, S. J. Wedul, B. Ranheim, and L. G. Lundstein. 1998. Implantation of intraperitoneale radiotransmitters in brown bears (Ursus arctos), wolverines (Gulo gulo) and lynx (Lynx lynx): anesthetic and surgical procedures for field use [abstract]. Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Wildlife Disease Association; 10-13 August 1998; Madison, WI, USA: 115.

Arnemo, J. M., R. Andersen, J. Persson, P. Segerström, and B. Ranheim. 2003. Biomedical Protocol for Free-ranging Wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Scandinavia. The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Tromsø, Norway. Yearly Update: 06/09/2003.

Arnemo, J. M., R. Andersen, J. Persson, P. Segerström, and B. Ranheim. 2004. Biomedical Protocol for Free-ranging Wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Scandinavia. The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Tromsø, Norway. Yearly Update: 03/24/2004.

Arnemo, J. M., P. Ahlqvist, R. Andersen, F. Berntsen, G. Ericsson, J. Odden, S. Brunberg, P. Segerström, and J. E. Swenson. 2006. Risk of capture-related mortality in large free-ranging mammals: experiences from Scandinavia. Wildl. Biol. 12: 109-113.

Arnemo, J. M., Å. Fahlman, P. Ahlqvist, R. Andersen, H. Andrén, S. Brunberg, A. Landa, O. Liberg, J. Odden, J. Persson, P. Segerström, and J. E. Swenson. 2007. Biomedical Protocols for Free-ranging Brown Bears, Gray Wolves, Wolverines and Lynx. The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Tromsø, Norway. Yearly Update: 08/21/2007.

Arnemo, J. M., Å. Fahlman, P. Ahlqvist, R. Andersen, H. Andrén, S. Brunberg, Ø. Høgseth, A. Landa, O. Liberg, K. Madslien, J. Odden, J. D. C. Linnell, J. Persson, P. Segerström, T. Strømseth, and J. E. Swenson. 2008. Biomedical Protocols for Free-ranging Brown Bears, Gray Wolves, Wolverines and Lynx. Hedmark University College, Evenstad, Norway, and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden. Yearly Update: 03/31/2008.

Arnemo, J. M., A. Evans, Ǻ. Fahlman, P. Ahlqvist, H. Andrén, S. Brunberg, Ø. Liberg, J. D. C. Linnell, J. Odden, J. Persson, H. Sand, P. Segerström, K. Sköld, T. Strømseth, O. Støen, J. E. Swenson, and P. Wabakken. 2011. Biomedical Protocols for Free-ranging Brown Bears, Wolves, Wolverines and Lynx. Hedmark University College, Evenstad, Norway, and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden. Yearly Update: 01/03/2011.

Aronsson, M. 2009. Territorial dynamics of female wolverines. M.S. Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Riddarhyttan. 40 pp.

Aubry, K. B., K. S. McKelvey, and J. P. Copeland. 2007. Distribution and Broadscale Habitat Relations of the Wolverine in the Contiguous United States. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2147-2158.

Audubon, J. J., and J. Bachman. 1849. The quadrupeds of North America. GR Lockwood, N.Y. Vol. 1: 383 pp.

B

Bachman, D., G. Gadwa, and C. Groves. 1990. A winter survey for wolverines (Gulo gulo) on the Sawtooth and Challis National Forests, Idaho. Challenge Cost Share Rep. to Sawtooth and Challis Natl. For., Idaho Dep. Fish and Game, Boise. 29 pp.

Bachrach, M. 1946. Fur. Prentice-Hall, Inc.: New York.: 672 pp.

Bailey, T. N. 1981. Factors influencing furbearer populations and harvest on the Kenai National Moose Range, Alaska. J. A. Chapman and D. Pursley eds., Worldwide Furbearer Conference Proc. 249-272.

Bailey, T. N. 1987. Kenai National Wildlife Refuge Wolverine Feasibility Study. Project#: 74525-1261-211-88: Kenai National Wildlife Refuge files; proposal.

Bailey, V. 1980. The mammals and life zones of Oregon. North American Fauna 55: 416 pp.

Ballard, W. B., A. W. Franzmann, and C. L. Gardner. 1982. Comparison and assessment of drugs used to immobilize Alaskan gray wolves (Canis lupus) and wolverines (Gulo gulo) from a helicopter. J. Wildl. Dis.: 18:339-342.

Banci, V. A. 1982. A bibliography on the wolverine (Gulo gulo). Research, Minist. of Environ. and For. IWIFR-9. Victoria, B.C. 53pp.

Banci, V. A. 1982. The wolverine in British Columbia: distribution, methods of determining age and status of (Gulo gulo vancouverensis). Minist. of Environ. and For. IWIFR-15. Victoria, B. C. 90 pp.

Banci, V. A. 1984. Management of Yukon wolverine. Paper presented to Annual Yukon Trapper’s Association Meeting: Whitehorse, Yukon: April, 1984.

Banci, V. A. 1987. Ecology and behavior of wolverine in Yukon. M.S. Thesis, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver. 178pp.

Banci, V. A, and A. S. Harestad. 1988. Reproduction and natality of wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Yukon. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 25: 265-270.

Banci, V. A, and A. S. Harestad. 1990. Home range and habitat use of wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Yukon, Canada. Holarctic Ecol. 13: 195-200.

Banci, V. A. 1994. Wolverine. Pages 99-127 in L. F. Ruggiero, K. B. Aubry, S. W. Buskirk, L. J. Lyon, and W. J. Zielinski, eds. The scientific basis for conserving forest carnivores, American marten, fisher, lynx and wolverine in the western United States. USDA For. Serv. Rocky Mt. For. and Range Exp. Stn., Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-254, Fort Collins, Colo.

Bandy, P. J. 1952. A study of the furbearing mammals of the subalpine and Columbia forest regions of British Columbia in relation to fur production from 1929 to 1949. B.A. Thesis, Univ. British Columbia, Vancouver: 82 pp.

Banfield, A. W. F. 1950. The mammals of Waterton Lakes National Park. Canadian Wildl. Service, Wildl. Mgmt. Bull. Ser. 1, No. 1: 1-54.

Banfield, A., and J. S. Tener. 1958. A preliminary study of the Ungava caribou. J. of Mammalogy: 39: 560-573.

Banfield, A. 1987. The mammals of Canada. Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto. 438 pp.

Bangs, E. E., and T. N. Bailey. 1987. Furbearer and trapper management on the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. Abstract, pg. 19 in B. Townsend, ed. Fourth Northern Furbearer Conference, Alaska Dept. Fish and Game.

Barker, M. S. Jr., and T. L. Best. 1976. The wolverine (Gulo luscus )in Nevada. Southwest Nat. 21: 133.

Becker, E. F. 1991. A terrestrial furbearer estimator based on probability sampling. J. Wildl. Manage. 55: 730-737.

Becker, E. F., H. N. Golden, and C. L. Gardner. 2004. Using probability sampling of animal tracks in snow to estimate population size. Pages 248-270 in W. L. Thompson, editor. Sampling rare or elusive species: concepts and techniques for estimating population parameters. Island Press, Washington, D. C., USA.

Bee, J. W., and E. R. Hall. 1956. Mammals of northern Alaska. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist.: Misc. Publ. No. 8.

Beebe, W. 1940. Wolverines and men. N.Y. Zool. Soc. Bull.: 43 (2): 54-59.

Begouen, H. N., and D. F. E. Koby. 1950. Le crane de Glouton de la caverne des 9Trois-Freres (Ariege). Prehist., Seeleol. Ariegeoises: 5: 49-68.

Beidleman, R. G. 1956. An early record of the wolverine in western Nebraska. J. Mammal. 37: 445-446.

Bekoff, M. 1989. Behavioral development of terrestrial carnivores. Pp. 89-124 in Gittleman (1989) Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution.:Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Bellomy, M. D. 1954. Animal gangster. American Mercury: 79: 19-20.

Bevanger, K. 1992. Report on the Norwegian wolverine (Gulo gulo L.).). Small Carnivore Conservation. 6: 8-10.

Bezdek, H. 1942. Studies on the nematode Saboliphyme baturini Petrow, 1930. Trans. Am. Micr. Soc.: 61:398-403.

Biese, W. 1936. Geological age of glutton remains. Seitschr. Saugetierk. 11: 319-320.

Billings, E. 1856. The wolverine. Can. Nat. Geol.: 1: 341-346.

Billy, P. 1991. Carcajou (Le Mal Aime). Foret Conservation, Fevrier: Pages 22-25.

Biodiversity Legal Foundation. 1994. The North American Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus). Biodiversity Legal Foundation, Boulder, CO:66 pp. + maps. Petition for a Rule to list the North American Wolverine, (Gulo gulo luscus), as “threatened” or “endangered” in the conterminous United States under the Endangered Species Act, 16 U.S.C. Sec. 1531 et seq. (1973) as amended.

Birney, E. C. 1974. Twentieth century records of wolverine in Minnesota. Loon. 46: 78-81.

Bishop, R. H., and R. A. Rausch. 1974. Moose population fluctuations in Alaska 1950-1972. Naturaliste Can.: 101: 559-593.

Bjarvall, A. 1980. Flygburna forskare foljer jarvens vandringar over Alaskas tundra. Svensk Jakt. pp. 34-37.

Bjarvall, A., R. Franzen, and E. Nilsson. 1978. Jarven-enstoring i norr. Forskning och Framsteg: No. 1, p. 21-32.

Bjarvall, A. 1981. Bears, martens, wolverines and ancient forests. Sveriges Nat. Arsb.: 72: 78-80.

Bjarvall, A. 1982. A study of the wolverine female during the denning period. Trans. of the International Cong. of Game Biologists. 14: 315-322.

Bjarvall, A., and A Magoun. 1984. Wolverine. In: The Encyclopedia of Mammals (MacDonald D. ed.): Equinox (Oxford) Ltd.

Bjarvall, A., and R. Franzen. 1986. Wolverine kills golden eagle. Fauna Flora, Stockholm:81 (6): 205-206. In Norwegian with English summary.

Bjarvall, A. 1989. Still uncertain for the four. Sveriges Natur. Naturskyddsforeningens Tidskrift: 80(3): 2-9.

Bjarvall, A. ? A survey of the Swedish wolverine population. XII Congress of the Intern. Union of Game Biologists: Unpubl. Manuscript.

Bjarvall, A., S. Danielsson, R. Franzen, and P. Segerstrom. ? Experiences with the first radio-collared wolverines in Sweden. Paper presented at a symposium?, Swedish Environment Protection Agency, Solna: 14 pp.

Blair, N. 1971. A shadow in the wilderness. Wyo. Wildl.: 35 (1): 8-11.

Boles, B. K. 1975. Background study for furbearer management in the Mackenzie Valley, N.W.T. Unpubl. Report; Environmental-Social Program, Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Oil Development:229 pp. (abstract).

Boles, B. K. 1977. Predation by wolves on wolverines. Can. Field-Nat. 91: 68-69.

Bowman, J., J. C. Ray, A. Magoun, D. S. Johnson, and F. N. Dawson. 2010. Roads, logging, and the large-mammal community of an eastern Canadian boreal forest. Can. J. Zool. Vol. 88: 454-467.

Brandly, P. J., and R. Rausch. 1950. A preliminary note on trichinosis investigation in Alaska. Arctic, v. 3, no. 2 Aug.: p. 105-107.

Brower, K. 2006. The Lord Hath Sent Us a Wolverine. California Magazine. May/June 2006. Vol. 117, No. 3.

Bruce, P., and S. Weick. 1973. Wolverine, fisher, and marten occurrence and winter movements in northwestern California. Calif. Dep. Fish and Game unpubl. report: 4 pp. + maps.

Bryant, H. N. 1987. Wolverine from the Pleistocene of the Yukon: evolutionary trends and taxonomy of (Gulo) (Carnivora: Mustelidae). Can. Jour. of Earth Sci. 24: 654-663.

Buckley, J. L. 1954. Animal population fluctuations in Alaska — a history. Trans. 19th N. Am. Wildl. Conf.: Pp. 338-357.

Bulmer, M. G. 1974. A statistical analysis of the 10-year cycle in Canada. J. Animal Ecol.: 43:701-718.

Bulmer, M. G. 1975. Phase relations in the ten-year cycle. J. Animal Ecol.: 44: 611-620.

Burkholder, B. 1952. Annual Predator Control Report, Brooks Range, Alaska. USFWS, Alaska District: 26-32 + map.

Burkholder, B. 1953. Caribou predation by wolverine. Memorandum to MW Kelly, USFWS, Juneau.

Burkholder, B. 1962. Observations concerning wolverine. J. Mammal. 43: 263-264.

Burns, B. 1973. Trapper education series: wolverine. Prov. of Manitoba Dep. of Mines, Res. Envir. Mgmt.: 2 pp.brochure.

Burns, J. J. 1970. Remarks on the distribution and natural history of pagophilic pinnipeds in the Bering and Chukchi seas. J. Mamm.: 51(3): 445-454.

Burt, W. H., and R. P. Grossenhiedner. 1976. A field guide to the mammals. Houghton-Mifflin Co.: Boston: 289 pp.

Buskirk, S. W., P. F. A. Maderson, and R. M. O’Conner. 1986. Plantar glands in North American Mustelidae. Pages 617-622 in D. Duvall, D. Muller-Schwarze, and R. M. Silverstein eds. Chemical signals in vertebrates IV. Plenum Press, New York.

Buskirk, S. W., and S. L. Lindstedt. 1989. Sex biases in trapped samples of mustelids. J. Mamm.: 70(1): 88-97.

Butts, T. W. 1992. Wolverine (Gulo gulo) biology and management:A literature review and annotated bibliography. US Forest Service: 106 pp. Cited in Biodiversity Legal Foundation.

C

Cahn, A. R. 1937. Mammals of the Quetico Provincial Park of Ontario. J. mammal.: 18: 19-29.

Cain, J. 1994. Magnetic Northerner. BBC Wildlife. Vol. 12, No. 12: Pp.14-22.

Cain, J. 1996. Field observations of Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus) in eastern Talkeetna Mountains, south-central Alaska. Small Carnivore Conservation. No. 14: Pp. 11.

Cain, J. 1998. Wolverine. Mammal News. No. 15: Pp. 10-11.

Cain, J. 2001. Alaskan travelogue: Wolverines. Mammal News. No. 127: Pp. 8

Cain, J. 2004. Observations on wild Wolverine (Gulo gulo gulo) in north east Finland. Small Carnivore Conservation. No. 30: Pp. 14-15.

Cain, J. 2005. Dances with wolverines. Mammal Society. Spring 2005. No. 141: Pg 7

Cain, J. 2005. European Studbook for Wolverines, Gulo g. gulo. Encouraging Natural Behaviour in Captive Wolverines. PP. 12‐ 19. Vol: 3. Nordens Ark. Sweden.

Cain, J. and A. Leinonen. May 2006. BBC Wildlife Magazine. Finland’s Wolverines. PP.16‐ 25.

Calif. Dep. Fish and Game. 1978. At the Crossroads 1978. A report on California’s endangered and rare fish and wildlife. Cal. Dep. Fish and Game, Sacramento: 114 pp.

Canadian Fur Industry. 1966. Report on the status of Canadian wildlife used by the fur industry. Dep. Industry, Trade and Commerce: Ottawa.

Canivenc, R., and M. Bonnin-Laffargue. 1963. Inventory of problems raised by the delayed ova implantation in the European badger (Meles meles L.). Enders (ed.) Delayed Implantation, Univ. Chicago Press: P. 115-127.

Carl, G. C., and G. A. Hardy. 1944. Flora and fauna of the Paradise Mine area British Columbia. Rep. Prov. Mus. Nat. Hist. and Anthro., 1944. Victoria: Pages C18-19.

Carrano, M. T. 1996. Morphological indicators of foot posture in mammals: a statistical and biomechanical analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 77–104. With 8 figures.

Carroll, J. E. 1968-1969. Fisher, marten, wolverine. Conservationist: 23: 31-32, 36-37

Casey, T. M., P. C. Withers, and K. K. Casey. 1979. Metabolic and respiratory responses of Arctic Animals to ambient temperature during the summer. Comp. Biochem. Physiol.: 64A: 331-342.

Cesar, E. 1964. The wolverine–facts and fables. Brit. Col. Digest: 20: 14-15,36-37.

Chadee, K. C., and T. A. Dick. 1982. Biological characteristics and host influence on a geographical isolate of Trichinella (wolverine: 55 deg 00′N, 100 deg 00′W, 1979). Journal of Parasitology: 68: 451-456.

Chappell, D. E., R. A. Van Den Bussche, J. Krizan and B. Patterson. 2004. Contrasting levels of genetic differentiation among populations of wolverines (Gulo gulo) from northern Canada revealed by nuclear and mitochondrial loci. Conservation Genetics 5: 759-767.

Clarke, C. H. D. 1944. Notes on the status and distribution of certain mammals and birds in the Mackenzie River and Western Arctic area in 1942 and 1943. Can. Field-Nat.: 58: 97-99.

Clot, A. 1983. Le Glouton (Gulo gulo) (L.), Mustelidae, Carnivora) de la Bastide (Hauters-Pyrenees). Bulletin Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse: 118(1-4): 101-109.

Cockerton, D., and S. Herrero. 1973. A study of wolverine home range and behavior by tracking. Unpubl. Rep., Mt. Assiniboine Prov. Park, British Columbia: 23 pp.

Coneybeare, H. F. 1983. A grizzly bear, wolverine and elk interaction. Alberta Naturalist Vol. 13, No. 2: p. 47-48.

Copeland, J. 1992. Wolverine ecology and habitat use in central Idaho. Progress Report, May 1992: 26 pp.

Copeland, J. 1993. Progress report: Wolverine ecology and habitat use in Central Idaho. Idaho Fish and Game Unpubl. Rep.: 18 pp.

Copeland, J. 1993. Assessment of snow-tracking and remote camera systems to document presence of wolverines at carrion bait stations. Idaho Dep. Fish & Game, Boise: 7 pp.

Copeland, J. 1996. Biology of the wolverine in central Idaho. M.S. Thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow. 138 pp.

Copeland, J. P., E. Cesar, J. M. Peek, C. E. Harris, C. D. Long, and D. L. Hunter. 1995. A live trap for wolverine and other forest carnivores. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 23: 535-538.

Copeland, J. P., J. M. Peek, C. R. Groves, W. E. Melquist, K. S. McKelvey, G. W. McDaniel, C. D. Long, and C. E. Harris. 2007. Seasonal Habitat Associations of the Wolverine in Central Idaho. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2201-2212.

Copeland, J. P., and J. S. Whitman. 2003. Wolverine (Gulo gulo). Pages 672-682 in: Feldhamer, G.A., B.C. Thompson, and J.A. Chapman, (eds.). Wild mammals of North America: biology, management, and conservation. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

Corbet, G. B. 1966. The terrestrial mammals of western Europe. London: Foulis and Company: 137-139.

Coues, E. 1877. Fur-bearing animals: a monograph of North American Mustelidae. Dep. Interior, USGS Misc. Publ. No. 8, Washington, D. C.: 348 pp.

Coues, E. 1893. History of the expedition under the command of Lewis and Clark. Frances P. Harper, N.Y.: 486 pp.

Coulianos, C. C., and A. G. Johnels. (no date) Note on the subnivean environment of small mammals. Arkiv for Zoologi: Vol. 15: 363-370, No. 24.

Courtwright, A. M. 1965. Game Harvest Statistics. Publ: Alas. Dep. of Fish and Game Proj. No. Alas. W-006-R-05/WK.PL. K: 70 pp.

Cowan, I. 1930. Notes on some mammals in the British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat, 44: 207.

Cowan, I. 1936. Notes on some mammals in the British Columbia Provincial Museum with a list of the type specimens of North American recent mammals in the museum. Can. Field-Nat.: 50: 145-148.

Cowan, I. 1938. The fur trade and the fur cycle: 1825-1857. British Columbia Hist. Quart.: 2: 19-30.

Cowan, I., and C. J. Guiguet. 1965. The mammals of British Columbia. B.C. Prov. Mus. Handbook No. 11, Victoria: 414 pp.

Crisler, L. 1959. He not scare a damn. Nat. Mag.: 52(4): 181-184.

Critchell-Bullock, J. C. 1930. An expedition to subarctic Canada, 1924-1925. Can. Field-Nat.: 44 (9): page 210.

Cunningham, J. D. 1959. The wolverine and the fisher in the Yosemite region. J Mammal.: 40: 614-615.

D

Dagg, A. I. 1974. Mammals of Ontario. Otter Press: Waterloo, Ontario: 159 pp. cited in Cypher 1982.

Dagg, A. I, and C. A. Campbell. 1974. Historic changes in the distribution and numbers of wolverine in Canada and the northern United States. Ottawa, Can. Wild. Serv. 21pp.

Dagg, A. I, and C. A. Campbell. 1974. An annotated bibliography on the status and ecology of the wolverine in Canada. Can. Wildl. Serv. Manuscript Rep., Ottawa CWSC 1553: 45 pp.

Dalerum, F., S. Creel and S. B. Hall. 2006. Behavioral and endocrine correlates of reproductive failure in social aggregations of captive wolverines (Gulo gulo). Journal of Zoology (London): 269: 5270-0536.

Danilov, P. I. 1965. Some data on the reproduction of glutton. Zool. Zhurnal: 44: 1737-1739.

Danilov, P. I. 1973. Current distribution of some species of mammals in the northwest of the European USSR. Byull Mosh. O-Va. Ispyt. Prir. Otd. Biol.: 78(5): 5-21.

Danilov, P. I., and I. Z. Tumanov. 1972. Reproductive cycles of males in some mustelidae. Zool. Zh. 51(6): 871-880.

Danilov, P. I., and I. Z. Tumanov. 1975. The reproductive cycles of some mustelidae species. Byull Mosk O-va Ispyt. PRIR Otd Biol. 80 (5): 35-47 (Biol. Abstr. Jan. 1977).

Dauphine, C. 1987. Status report on the wolverine (Gulo) in Canada. Prepared for the Canadian Scientific Authorities for the Convention on the International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES).

Davis, W. B. 1939. The recent mammals of Idaho. Caxton Printers, Caldwell, Id. 400pp.

Davis, D. G. 1967. A brief note on the birth of wolverines (Gulo gulo) at Colorado Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook: 7: 127.

de Vos, A. 1959. Biological investigation of traplines in northern Ontario, 1951-1956. Tech. Bull., Ontario Dep. Lands and Forest: Wildlife Series 8: 62.

de Vos, A. 1964. Range changes of mammals in the Great Lakes region. Amer. Midland Nat.: 71: 210-231.

de Vos, A., and R. L. Peterson. 1951. A review of the status of woodland caribou (Rangifer caribou) in Ontario. J. Mamm. 32: 329-337.

Deems, E. F. Jr., and D. Pursley. 1978. North American furbearers. Int. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies: 171 pp.

Degerbol, M. 1935. Report of the mammals collected by Fifth Thule Expedition to Arctic North America: Part I. Systematic Notes, Vol. II. 4: 1-67.

Degerbol, M., and P. Freuchen. 1935. Zoology I, Mammals. Gyldendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Forlag, Copenhagen: 278 pp.

Desmarest, A. G. 1820. Mammalogie ou description des especes de mammiferes. Vol. 1, Veuve Agasses, Paris, France: 555 pp.

Dice, L. R. 1921. Notes on some mammals of interior Alaska. J. Mammal.: 2: 20-31.

Diedrich, C. 2008. A Late Pleistocene wolverine Gulo gulo (Linné 1758) skeleton remain from the Sloup Cave in the Moravian Karst, Czech Republic. – Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien, 110A: 123-132, Wien.

Diedrich, C., and J. Copeland. 2009. Upper Pleistocene Gulo gulo (Linné 1758) remains from the Srbsko Chlum-Komin hyena den cave in the Bohemian Karst (Czech Republic) with comparisons to contemporary wolverines. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, v. 72, no. 2, p. 122–127.

Dieterich, R. A. 1981. Alaskan wildlife diseases. Inst. of Arct. Biol., Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks. 524pp.

Dixon, J. 1925. Closed season needed for fisher, marten, and wolverine in California. Calif. fish and Game: 11: 23-25.

Dixon, J. S. 1938. Birds and mammals of Mount McKinley National Park, Alaska. Fauna Series, No. 3. U.S. Govt. Print. Office.: pp. 151-155.

Dodds, D. G. 1965. Wild captives. MacMillan of Canada, Toronto: 167 pp.

Döppes, D. 2001. The wolverine (Gulo gulo L.) in Spain – one of the south most spreading during the Pleistocene. Cadernos Lab. Xeolóxico de Laxe 26: 479-484, Coruna.

Dubey, J. P. 1982. Sarcocystis and other coccidia in foxes and other wild carnivores from Montana. Vet. Res. Lab., Dep. Vet. Sci., State Univ., Bozeman, Montana: J of the American Veterinary Medical Assoc. 181(11): 1270-1271.

Duncan, P. M. 1871. The musk ox and the wolverine–a geographical parallel. Illustrated Travels: 3(25): 29-32.

Dunn, E. J. aES. 1978. The family Mustelidae:a bibliography. Fish and Wildl. Bull. No. B-4, British Columbia Wildlife Branch, Victoria: 73 pp.

E

Edwards, R. Y., and I. McT. Cowan. 1957. Fur production of the boreal forest region of British Columbia. J. Wildl Manage.: 21: 257-267.

Eisenberg, J. F., and D. G. Kleiman. 1972. Olfactory communication in mammals. Pages 1-32 in R. F. Johnston, P. W. Frank, and C. D. Michener, eds. Ann. rev. of ecol. and syst., Vol. 3. Ann. Rev. Inc., Palo Alto, Calif.

Eisenberg, J. F. 1981. The mammalian radiations: an analysis of trends in evolution, adaptation, and behavior. The Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, 610 pp.

Ellerman, J. R., and T. C. S. Morrison-Scott. 1966. Checklist of Palaearctic and Indian mammals 1758-1946. Second ed. British Museum (Natural History), London, 810 pp.

Elliot, D. G. 1903. Description of 27 apparently new species and subspecies of mammals. Philadelphia, PA: Field Columbian Museum, Zoological Series.: 87 (3): 260-261.

Elliot, D. G. 1905. Descriptions of three apparently new species of mammals. Proc. Biological Society of Washington: 18: 79-82 (81-82).

Elliot, D. G. 1905. (Gulo hylaeus), Alaska. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.: 18: 79.

Erickson, A. B. 1946. Incidence of worm parasites in Minnesota Mustelidae and host lists and keys to North American species. American Midland Naturalist: 36: 494-509.

Erickson, A. W. 1962. Wolverine and lynx productivity and breeding biology studies. Alaska P-R Rep., Proj. W-6-R-3, 3: 22-23.

Ericsson, G., J. Kindberg and G. Bostedt. 2007. Willingness to pay (WTP) for wolverine (Gulo gulo) conservation. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 2-12.

Erlinge, S. 1986. Specialists and generalists among the mustelids. Lutra: 29: 5-11.

Ewer, R. F. 1973. The Carnivores. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, N.Y. 494pp.

F

Fahlman, Å., J. Arnemo, J. Persson, P. Segerström, and G. Nyman. 2008. Capture and medetomidine-ketamine anesthesia of free-ranging wolverines (Gulo gulo). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, January, Vol. 44, Issue 1, 133-142.

Ferguson, H. J., and G. E. Folk. 1971. Free fatty acid levels in species of Arctic carnivores. Comp. Biochem. Phys.: 40: 309-312.

Field, R. J., and G. Feltener. 1974. Wolverine. Colo. Outdoors: 23 (2): 1-6.

Filinov, C. 1980. Predator prey problems in nature reserves of the European part of the Russian U.S.S.R. J. Wildl. Manage.: 44: 389-396.

Fitzgerald, J. P. 1994. Furbearer management analysis. Dep. Nat. res., Colo. Div. Wildl., Denver, Colo. 200+ pp.

Flagstad, Ø., E. Hedmark, A. Landa, H. Brøseth, J. Persson, R. Andersen, P. Segerström, and H. Ellegren. 2004. Colonization History and Noninvasive Monitoring of a Reestablished Wolverine Population. Conservation Biology, 18(3): 676-688.

Flook, D. R., and J. Rimmer. 1965. Cannibalism in starving wolverines and sex identification from skulls. Can. Field-Nat.: 79: 171-173.

Folk, G. E. Jr., M. A. Folk, and D. Craighead. 1977. A comparison of body temperatures of least weasels and wolverines. Comp. Biochem. Physiol.: 58A: 229-234.

Folk, G. E. Jr., M. A. Folk, and M.B. 1967. The day-night circadian physiological rhythms of large arctic carnivores in natural continuous light (summer) and continuous darkness (winter). Biometerology: 3: 154.

Follet, R. E. 1939. The so-called wolverine, a misnomer and a myth in Michigan. Mich. Zool. Soc. Bull.

Formozov, A. N. 1946. Snow cover as an integral factor of the environment and its importance in the ecology of mammals and birds. Flora and Fauna of the USSR, New Series, Zoology 5: 152 pp. (Translated from the Russian by W. Prychodko and W. O. Pruitt, Jr, Univ. Alberta, Boreal Institute Occasional Paper No. 1, 190 pp.).

Forsyth, A. 1985. The Mammals of the Canadian wild. Camden House Publishing Ltd., Camden East, Ontario: 351 pp.

Francis, G. 1960. Observations of some carnivores by wardens in the mountain national parks of Canada. Can. Field-Nat.: 74: 158-160.

Franey, E. M. 1953. Are there wolverines in Minnesota? Cons. Volunt.: 16(91): 18-20.

Fredga, K. 1967. Comparative chromosome studies of the family Mustelidae (Carnivora, Mammalia). Brief Reports: p. 295.

Frey, J. K. 2006. Inferring species distributions in the absence of occurrence records: An example considering wolverine (Gulo gulo) and Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) in New Mexico. Biological Conservation 130: 16–24.

Fry, W. 1923. The wolverine. Calif. Fish and Game: 9: 129-134.

G

Gardner, C. L. 1985. The ecology of wolverines in southcentral Alaska. M. S. Thesis, Univ. Alaska-Fairbanks. 82pp.

Gardner, C. L, W. Ballard, and R. H. Jessup. 1986. Long distance movement by an adult wolverine. J. Mammal.: 67: 603.

Gavin, A. 1945. Notes of mammals observed in the Perry River District, Queen Maud Sea. J. Mammal.: 26: 226-230.

Gilbert, D. 1993. Wolverines – What to do if a demon of the north comes a calling? Smithsonian: V. 23, Pages 136-140, 142-146, 148.

Gill, D. 1978. Large mammals of the Macmillan Pass area, Northwest Territories and Yukon. Rep., AMAX Northwest Mining Co. Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. 58pp.

Gingras, P. 1984. Le carcajou, un visiteur tres rare au Quebec. La Presse Montreal.

Ginsburg, L. 1961. Plantigrady and Digitigrady in the Fissiped Carnivorans. Mammalia, 25(1): 1-21.

Gittleman, J. L. 1989. Carnivore group living: comparative trends. Pages 183-208 in J. L. Gittleman, ed. Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, New York. 620pp.

Gittleman, J. L, and P. H. Harvey. 1982. Carnivore home-range size, metabolic needs, and ecology. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 10: 57-63.

Golden, H. N., W. R. Route, and E. F. Becker. 1993. Wolverine demography and ecology in southcentral Alaska. ADF&G Project outline and Phase I progress report. 27pp.

Golden, H. N. 1995. Furbearer Management Technique Development (Wildlife Research Study Plan). ADF&G:Project No. W-24-4, Study No. 7.18.

Golden, H. N. 2001. Furbearer management technique development. Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Research Final Report, Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Grant W-24-3, W-24-4, W-24-5, W-27-1, W-27-2, W-27-3, W-27-4, Juneau, Alaska, USA.

Golden, H. N., B. S. Shults, and K. E. Kunkel. 2002. Immobilization of wolverines with Telazol(r) from a helicopter. Wildlife Society Bulletin 30: 492-497.

Golden, H. N., A. M. Christ, and E. K. Solomon. 2007. Spatio-temporal analysis of wolverine harvest in Alaska. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 68-75.

Golden, H. N., J. D. Henry, E. F. Becker, M. I. Goldstein, J. M. Morton, D. Frost, Sr., and A. J. Poe. 2007. Estimating wolverine population size using quadrat sampling of tracks in snow. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 52-61.

Goldman, E. A. 1935. New American mustelids of the genera (Martes), (Gulo), and (Lutra). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington: 48: 175-186.

Gonyea, W., and R. Ashworth. 1975. The form and function of retractile claws in Felidae and other representative carnivores. J. Morphol: 145: 229-238.

Gorman M. L., and B. J. Trowbridge. 1989. The role of odor in the social lives of carnivores. Pages 57-88 in J. L. Gittleman, ed. Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, N.Y. 620pp.

Greer, K. R. PWDTRMaMH. 1979. Analysis of a trapper harvest of Montana wolverine, (Gulo gulo). Amer. Soc. Mamm. 59th Ann. Meet. Abst.

Grinnell, G. B. 1920. As to the wolverine. J. Mammal. 1: 182-184.

Grinnell, G. B. 1921. The tree-climbing wolverine. J. Mammal.: 2: 36-37.

Grinnell, G. B. 1926. Some habits of the wolverine. J. Mammal.: 7: 30-34.

Grinnell, J., J. S. Dixon, and J. M. Linsdale. 1937. Fur-bearing mammals of California. Their natural history, systematic status, and relations to man. 2 vols., Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley. 375 pp.

Groves, C. 1987. Distribution of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Idaho, 1960-1987. Nongame and Endangered Species Program Report, Idaho Dep. Fish and Game, Boise. 24 pp.

Groves, C. 1988. Distribution of the wolverine in Idaho as determined by mail questionnaire. Northwest Sci. 62: 181-185.

Groves, C., and G. Gadwa. 1989. Status survey for wolverines (Gulo gulo) on the Sawtooth National Forest and adjacent areas. Challenge Cost Share Rep. to Sawtooth Natl. For., Idaho Dep. Fish and Game, Boise. 49pp.

Guay, D. 1986. Le carcajou s’attaque-t-il aux grands cervides? Les Carnets de Zoologie: 46: 16-18.

Guiguet, C. J. 1951. An account of wolverine attacking mountain goat. Can. Field-Nat.: 65: 187.

Gunn, A. 1987. Monitor the physical characteristics and condition of wolverine harvest by hunters, and establish a “benchmark” for population. (research project description): Northwest Territories Dep. of Renewable Resources, Cambridge Bay.

H

Haas, G. E., N. Wilson, R. L. Zarnke, R. E. Barrett, and T. Rumfelt. 1982. Siphonaptera from mammals in Alaska, Supplement III, Western Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology: 60: 729-732.

Haglund, B. 1966. De stora rovdjurens vintervanos. Viltrevy 4: 245-283.

Haglund, B. 1974. Moose relations with predators in Sweden, with special reference to bear and wolverine. Naturaliste Can.: 101: 457-466.

Halfpenny, J. C., D. Nead, S. J. Bissell, and R. J. Aulerich. 1979. Colorado wolverine/lynx verification program. J. Colo-Wyo. Acad. Sci.: 11(1): 89.

Hall, E. R. 1926. The abdominal skin gland of (Martes). J. Mammal. 7: 227-229.

Hall, E. R. 1981. The mammals of North America. Second ed. John Wiley& Sons, Inc., New York.: 2: 601-1181

Hambleton, J. 1954. Wolverine. Longmans, Green and Company, Toronto.: 184 pp.

Hamilton, D. A., and L. B. Fox. (date). Wild furbearer management in the midwestern United States. Pages 1000-1116 in: M. Novak, J. A. Baker, and M.E. Obbard (eds) Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America.: Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Hamlett, G. W. D. 1935. Delayed implantation and discontinous development in mammals. Quart. Rev. Biol.: 10: 432-437.

Hansson, I. 1970. Cranial helminth parasites in species of Mustelidae II. Regional frequencies of damage in preserved crania from Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Greenland and the northeast of Canada compared with the helminth invasion in fresh mustelid skulls from Sweden. Ark. Zool. (Stockholm): 22: 571-594.

Hansson, I. 1972. Skull damaging helminths in mustelids in Fennoscandia. Aqilo. Ser. Zool. 13: 65-68.

Hansson, M. 1979. Studier over Jarvhonan under Yngeltiden (Studies of the female wolverine at the den). D/E arbete i zooekologi vid zoologiska institutionen, Univ. Stockholm: 40 pp..

Hantzsch, B. 1932. Contributions to the knowledge of extreme northeastern Labrador. Can. Field-Nat.: 46: 7-12, 34-36.

Hanus, B. 1977. The wolverine, the wolf of the North. Natura, Amst.: 74(1): 2-6. In Dutch.

Harding, L. E. 2002. Environmental Contaminants and Reproductive and Physiological Condition of Wild Mink (Mustela vison), Martens (Martes americana), River Otters (Lutra canadensis) and Wolverines (Gulo gulo). PhD. Thesis, Gifu University, Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. 129 pp.

Hardy, T. M. P. (Plitt Hardy). 1948. Wolverine fur frosting. J. Wildl. Manage.: 12: 331-332.

Harper, F. 1932. Mammals of the Athabaska and Great Slave Lakes region. J. Mammal.: 13: 19-36.

Harper, F. 1956. The mammals of Keewatin. Misc. Publ., Univ. Kans., Mus. Nat. Hist.: 12: 1-94.

Harrison, J. A., 1979. The pliocene wolverine, (Plesiogulo), from North America and Asia. Trans. of the Kans. Aca. of Sci.: 82 (2): 87-88.

Harrison, J. A. 1981. A review of the extinct wolverine, (Plesiogulo )(Carnivora: Mustelidae), from North America. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 27 pp.

Hash, H. S., and M. G. Hornocker. 1980. Immobilizing wolverines (Gulo gulo) with ketamine hydrochloride. J. Wildl. Manage. 44: 713-715.

Hash, H. S. 1987. Wolverine. Pages 575-585 in M. Novak, J. A. Baker, M. E. Obbard, and B. Malloch, eds. Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario. 1150 pp.

Hatler, D. F. 1989. A wolverine management strategy for British Columbia. Wildl. Bull. ISSN 0829-9560; no. B-60, Wildl. Branch, Minist. of Environ., Victoria, B.C. 124pp.

Haugen, A. O. 1961. Wolverine in Iowa. J. Mammal.: 42: 546-547.

Hedmark, E. 2006. Conservation Genetics of Scandinavian Wolverines. PhD. Thesis. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 154. 51 pp.

Hedmark, E., and H. Ellegren. 2007. DNA-based monitoring of two newly founded Scandinavian wolverine populations. Conserv. Genet. 8: 843-852.

Hedmark, E., J. Persson, P. Segerström, A. Landa, and H. Ellegren. 2007. Paternity and mating system in wolverines (Gulo gulo). Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 13-30.

Heggberget, T. M., and S. Myrberget. 1979. The status of bears, wolverines, wolves and lynxes in Norway during the 1970′s. Viltrapport Dir. Vilt Fersk. Trondheim No. 9: 37-45.

Helzheimer, M. 1933. Hat der vewlfrass noch in der Neuseit in Norddentachland wild gelebt? (Did the glutton live in northern Germany in a wild state during modern times?) Z. Saeuetierk. 8(3-6): 219-221.

Henshaw, R. E., A. M. Larsen, and G. E. Folk. 1967. Renal function in the wolverine. Fed. Proc.: 26: 548.

Henshaw, R. E. 1968. Peripheral blood flow and maintenance of body temperature in arctic wolves and wolverines. Proc. of the 24th Intern. Union of Physiological Sciences, Wash., D.C. (Charles C. Thomas publ., Springfield, Ill.): p. 188.

Henshaw, R. E., and G. E. Folk Jr. 1968. Peripheral blood flow and insulation in wolves and wolverines. Fed. Proc.: 27 (2): 699.

Henshaw, R. E. Water metabolism in the wolverine (Gulo gulo). 18th AAAS Science Conference, Fairbanks. August 29-Sep. 1.

Heptner, V. G., and A. A. Nasimovitch. 1967. De Elch. Neue Brehm Bucherei, No. 386. A. Ziemsen Varlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt: 231 pp. cited in Haglund (1974).

Heran, I. 1971. Some notes on dentition in Mustelidae. Vestnik Zool. (Prague): 35(3): 199-204.

Heran, I. 1972. The shape and size of the occipital foramen in Mustelidae. Lynx: 13: 26-33.

Herrick, C. L. 1892. Mammals of Minnesota. Harrison and Smith: Minneapolis.: 300 pp.

Hilzheimer, M. 1936. Das Grubenloch bei Oberklausen.4) De Vielfrass (Gulo gulo L).) aus dem Grubenloch and 6)Das geologische Alter der Baren-und Vielfrassrests. Mitt. Hohlen Karstf.: 1936: 84-91, 93-95.

Hilzheimer, M. 1936. Der Vielfrass (Gulo gulo L).) aus dem Grubenloch. Z. Saugerierk.: 11: 308-319.

Hoak, J. H., J. L. Weaver, and T. W. Clark. 1982. Wolverines in western Wyoming. Northwest Sci.: 56: 159-161.

Hoffman, R. S., and D. L. Pattie. 1968. A guide to Montana mammals. U. of Montana Printing Services: Missoula, Mont.: 133 pp.

Holbrow, W. C. 1976. The biology, mythology, distribution and management of the wolverine (Gulo gulo L).) in western Canada. M.S. Thesis, Univ. Manitoba, Winnipeg: 214 pp.

Holland, G. P. 1941. Further records of Siphonaptera for British Columbia. Proc. Entomol. Soc. B. C.: 37: 10-14.

Holland, G. P. 1949. A revised check list of the fleas of British Columbia. Proc. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 45: 7-14.

Holvedt, R. Observasponer av zerv. (Observations of wolverine). Fauna: 21(2): 138.

Home, W. S. 1980. Wolverine kills polar bear on arctic sea ice. Arctic Circular Vol. 27, No. 3: p. 29.

Hornocker, M. G., and H. S. Hash. 1981. Ecology of the wolverine in northwestern Montana. Can. J. Zool. 59: 1286-1301.

Hornocker, M. G., J. P. Messick, and W. E. Melquist. 1983. Spatial strategies in three species of Mustelidae. Acta Zool. Fenn. 174: 185-188.

Houston, D. B. 1978. Elk as winter spring food for carnivores in northern Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, U.S.A. J. Appl. Ecol.: 15:653-662.

Huber, R. L. 1971. Possible wolverine sighting. Loon: 43 (1): 24.

I

Ingles, L. G. 1965. Mammals of the Pacific States. Stanford Univ. Press: Stanford: 506 pp.

Ingram, R. 1973. Wolverine, fisher, and marten in central Oregon. Oregon State Game Commission, Central Region Admin. Rep. 73-2: Pp.1-41.

Inman, R. M., R. R. Wigglesworth, K. H. Inman, M. K. Schwartz, B. L. Brock, and J. D. Rieck. 2004. Wolverine makes extensive movements in Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Northwest Science 78: 261–266.

Innis, H. A. 1927. The fur-trade of Canada. Oxford Univ. Press, Can. Branch: Toronto: 172 pp.

Iverson, J. A. 1972. Basal metabolic rate of wolverines during growth. Norw. J. Zool. 20: 317-322.

Iversen, J. A. 1972. Basal energy metabolism of mustelids. J. Comp. Physiol.: 81: 341-344.

Iwaniuk, A. N., S. M. Pellis, and I Q. Whishaw. 1999. The relationship between forelimb morphology and behaviour in North American carnivores (Carnivora). Can. J. Zool. 77: 1064–1074.

Iwaniuk, A. N. 2000. The Evolution of Skilled Forelimb Movements in Carnivorans. M.S. Thesis, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. 162 pp.

J

Jackson, C. F. 1922. Notes on New Hampshire mammals. J. Mammal.: 3: 13-15.

Jackson, H. T. 1922. Wolverine in Itasca County, Minnesota. J. Mammal.: 3: 53.

Jackson, H. T. 1954. Wolverine (Gulo luscus) specimens from Wisconsin. J. Mammal.: 35: 254.

Jackson, H. T. 1961. Mammals of Wisconsin. Univ. Wisconsin Press, Madison: 504 pp.

Jansky, L. 1967. Evolutionary adaptations of temperature regulation in mammals. Sonderdruck aus Z. F. Saugetierkunde Bd.: 32(3): 167-172.

Johnson, C. E. 1923. A recent report of the wolverine in Minnesota. J. Mammal.: 4: 54-55.

Johnson, C. E. 1930. Recollections of the mammals of northwestern Minnesota. J. Mammal.: 11: 435-452.

Johnson, A. D. 1979. Morphology and life history of (Alaria mustelae) from Minnesota mustelids. J. Parasitology: 65(1): 154-160.

Johnson, C. S. 1990. Re-evaluation of the status of the wolverine in Manitoba. Tech. Rep. No. 90-01.: Manitoba Dep. Nat. Res., Wildl. Branch.

Johnson, M. K. 1980. Feces, bile acids and furbearers. First Worldwide Fubearer, Aug. 3-11, 1980, Frstburg, Maryland.

Johnson, R. E. 1977. An historical analysis of wolverine abundance and distribution in Washington, U.S.A. Murrelet: 58: 13-16.

Jones. 1964. The mammals of North America. Vol. 2. In Hall, ER; John Wiley and Sons: New York: 1181 pp.

Jones, F. L. 1950. Recent records of the wolverine (Gulo luscus luteus) in California. Calif. Fish and Game: 36: 320-322.

Jones, F. L. 1955. Records of southern wolverine, (Gulo luscus luteus), in California. J. Mammal.: 36: 569.

K

Kauranen, P. J., J. K. Miettinen, and E. Pulliainen. 1971. Polonium-210 and lead-210 in some terrestrial animals in Finland. Ann. Zool. Fenn.: 8: 318-323.

Kebbe, C. E. 1966. Wolverine killed in Oregon. Murrelet: 47: 65.

Kelsall, J. P. 1981. Status report on the wolverine, (Gulo gulo), in Canada in 1981. Comm. Status Endangered Wildl. Can., Ottawa: 47 pp.

King, C. M. 1983. Factors regulating mustelid populations. Acta Zool. Fennica: 175: 217-220.

Knight, C. 1833-1843. (Gulo). Penny cyclopedia of the Society for the discussion of useful knowledge. London.: 482-486.

Koby, F (ed.). 1951. Le crane de Glouton de la caverne des Trois-Freres (Ariege). Bull. Soc. Prehist. Ariege: 5: 3-20.

Koehler, G. M., and M. G. Hornocker. 1979. A winter survey of threatened, endangered, and status undetermined species in north Idaho. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Rep., Portland, Org. 30pp.

Koehler, G. M., M. G. Hornocker, and H. S. Hash. 1980. Wolverine marking behavior. Can. Field-Nat. 94: 339-341.

Koehler, G. M. 1990. Winter survey for wolves and wolverine on the Clearwater National Forest 1989-1990. Order No. 43-0276-9-0505.: Wildlife Research Institute, Moscow, Idaho.

Koen, E.L., J.C. Ray, J. Bowman, F.N. Dawson, and A.J. Magoun. 2008. Surveying and monitoring wolverines in Ontario and other lowland, boreal forest habitats: Recommendations and protocols. Ont. Min. Natur. Resour., Northwest Sci. and Info. Thunder Bay, Ont. NWSI Field Guide FG-06 94 pp. + append.
PDF File Available

Komers, P., and P. N. M. Brotherton. 1997. Female space use is the best predictor of monogamy in mammals. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264: 1261-1270.

Korothevich, E. Z., and Y. A. Semonov. 1975. First find of the neogene wolverine, (Pleisiogulo-crassa). New record in the northern Black Sea area. Vestn. Zoo.: 4: 33-38.

Kovach, S. D. 1981. Wolverine, (Gulo gulo), records for the White Mountains, California. Calif. Fish and Game 67: 132-133.

Kozhechkin V.V. 1990. On cases of wolverine hunting the moose in eastern Siberia. Abstracts of Papers and Posters from the Third International Moose Symposium: Syktyvkar, USSR.

Krebs, J. 1995. Wolverine ecology and habitat use in the Interior Wet belt of British Columbia. Abstract; 8th Northern Furbearer Conference. Anchorage, Alaska: Page 37.

Krebs, J., E. Lofroth, J. Copeland, V. Banci, D. Cooley, H. Golden, A. Magoun, R. Mulders, and B. Shults. 2004. Synthesis of survival rates and causes of mortality in North American wolverines. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(3): 493-502.

Krebs, J., E. C. Lofroth, and I. Parfitt. 2007. Multiscale Habitat Use by Wolverines in British Columbia, Canada. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2180-2192.

Krott, P. 1953. Recovery of a wolverine that had escaped during transport. Zeitschr. Tierpsychol.: 10: 254-268.

Krott, P. 1957. Das heutige vorkommen des vielfrasses (Gulo gulo L).) in Europe (Present day occurrence of the wolverine in Europe). Zeitschr. Saugetierk.: 22: 208-213.

Krott, P. 1958. Tupu, tupu, tupu. Hutchinson, London.: 213 pp.

Krott, P. 1959. Der Vielfrass (Gulo gulo L). 1758). Monogr. Wildsäuget. 13: 1-159.

Krott, P. 1959. Demon of the North. New York: Alfred A. Knopf: 263 pp.

Krott, P. 1959. How to hunt wolverine. The Beaver 290 (autumn): 48-51.

Krott, P. 1960. Ways of the wolverine. Nat. Hist. 69: 16-29.

Krott, P. 1967. Der effekt verschiedener methoden auf das resultat wildkundlicher untersuchungen mit gleicher fragestellung. Messelelser fra Statens Viltundersokelser (The Papers of the Norwegian State Game Research Institute): 11 pp.

Krott, P. 1982. The wolverine (Gulo gulo Linnaeus) 1758) in the ecosystem. Saugetierkundliche Mitteilungen: 30: 136-150. In German with English summary.

Krott, P., and C. Gardner. 1985. Wolverine breeding behavior in Alaska. Saugietierk. Mitt.: 32: 87.

Kucera, T. E., and R. H. Barrett. 1991. Cooperative wolverine study – first annual report. U.C. Dep. For. and Res. Manage., Berkeley, CA.

Kucera, T. E., and R. H. Barrett. 1993. The California cooperative wolverine survey: a progress report. Trans. West. Sect. Wildl. Soc. 29: 49-53.

Kulik, I. L. 1975. The taiga fauna-complex of mammals in North America as compared to the Eurasian taiga complex. Vestnik Zoologii: 8(2): 28-33.

Kurtén, B., and R. Rausch. 1959. A comparison between Alaskan and Fennoscandian wolverine (Gulo gulo) Linnaeus). Acta Arctica, 11: 5-20.

Kurten, B., and R. L. Rausch. 1959. Biometric comparisons between North American and European mammals. I. A comparison between Alaskan and Fennoscandian wolverine (Gulo gulo Linnaeus). Acta Arctica: 11: 1-20 (5-20).

Kurtén, B. 1963. Notes on some Pleistocene mammal migrations from the Palaearctic to the Nearctic. Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart: 14: 96-103.

Kurtén, B. 1968. Pleistocene mammals of Europe. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London. 317 pp.

Kurtén, B. 1970. The neogene wolverine (Plesiogulo) and the origin of (Gulo) (Carnivora, Mammalia). Acta Zool. Fenn.: 131: 3-22.

Kurten, B. 1973. Fossil glutton, (Gulo gulo), from Tornewton Cave, South Devon, England. Commentat Biol. Soc. Sci. Fenn.: 66: 1-8.

Kurtén, B., and E. Anderson. 1980. Pleistocene mammals of North America. Columbia Univ. Press, New York. 442 pp.

Kvam, T. 1980. Population status of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in some central Norwegian Mountain areas. Fauna, Oslo: 33(3): 117-127.

Kvam, T., and O. J. Sorensen. 1981. Jervens status i Snohetta, Rondane og en del omliggende fjellstrok 1981. Viltforskningen, Elgesetergt. 10: 29 pp.

Kvam, T. and O. J. Sorensen. 1983. Population trends in the wolverine (Gulo gulo L). of Snohetta area, central Norway. Fauna norv., Ser. A.

Kvam, T., K. Overskaug, and O. J. Sorensen. 1984. Jerven (Gulo gulo L).) i Norge. Utbtedelse og bestand 1978-1983. Viltrapport 32, Trondheim Norway. 76 pp.

Kvam, T., K. Overskaug, and O. J. Sorensen. 1988. The wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Norway. Lutra 31: 7-20.

L

Landa, A., B. Å. Tømmerås, and T. Skogland. 1993. Testing av lukt og smaksrepellenter og utprøving av effekt for å redusere jervpredasjon på sau (In Norwegian with English summary: Test of olfaction and taste repellents, and a pilot project to test their effects in reducing wolverine predation on sheep). NINA Oppdragsmelding 243: 1-20.

Landa, A. and T. Skogland. 1995. The relationship between population density and body size of wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Scandinavia. Wildlife Biology: 1: 165-175.

Landa, A., and B. Å. Tømmerås. 1996. Do volatile repellents reduce wolverine (Gulo gulo) predation on sheep?. Wildlife Biology 2: 119-126.

Landa, A., and B. Å. Tømmerås. 1997. A test of aversive agents on wolverines. Journal of Wildlife Management. 61: 510-516.

Landa, A., O. Strand, J. D. C. Linnell, and T. Skogland. 1997. Wolverines and their prey in southern Norway. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75: 1292-1299.

Landa, A., J. Tufto, R. FranzJn, T. Br, M. LindJn, and J. E. Swenson. 1998a. Active wolverine dens as a minimum population estimator in Scandinavia. Wildlife Biology 4: in press.

Landa, A., O. Strand, J. D. C. Linnell, and T. Skogland. 1998b. Home-range sizes and altitude selection for arctic foxes and wolverines in an alpine environment. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76: 448-457.

Landa, A., K. Gudvangen, J. E. Swenson, and E. Røskaft. 1999. Factors associated with wolverine (Gulo gulo) predation on domestic sheep. Journal of Applied Ecology 36: 963-973.

Lee, J. 1993. Ecology of the wolverine on the central arctic barrens. Prog. Rep., NWT Dep. of Renewable Resources Manuscript Rep. No. 75, Yellowknife: 29 pp.

Lee, J. 1994. Wolverine harvest and carcass collection – Coppermine, Bay Chimo and Bathurst Inlet, 1992/93. NWT Dep. of Renewable Resources Manuscript Rep. No. 76: 15 pp.

Lee, J. 1995. Wolverine harvest and carcass collection – Coppermine, Bay Chimo, and Bathurst Inlet, 1993/94. Manuscript Report no. 81, NWT Dep. of Renewable Resources, Yellowknife: 14 pp.

Lee, J., and A. Niptanatiak. 1996(7)?. Observations of repeated use of a wolverine (Gulo gulo) den on the tundra of Northwest Territories. Canadian Field-Naturalist: 110.

Legends and Stories of Manitoba’s Native People. 1978. Why there are shadows on the moon; why the wolverine has stripes. New Nation. Manitoba Native Newspaper Vol. 7 (June): p. 12.

Legends and Stories of Manitoba’s People. 1982. The Wolverine’s Color. New Nation. Manitoba Native Newspaper Vol. 11, No. 10: p. 12.

Lensink, C. J. 1958. Predator control with the bounty system in Alaska. ADF&G, Div. Biol. Research, Juneau.: 10 pp.

LeResche, R. A.; Hinman, R. H., eds. 1973. Alaska’s wildlife and habitat. Anchorage, AK: Alaska Dept. Fish and Game. 144 pp.

Linden, M. RFPSaJS. 1995. Det svenska Jarvprojektet – ekolgi och bevarande (The Swedish wolverine project – ecology and conservation). Progress Report 1995: 12 pages.

Linden, M., M. Sandell, P. Segerstrom, and J. E. Lantha. 1994. The Swedish wolverine project – ecology and conservation. Progress Report 1994, Dep. Animal Ecology, Swedish Univ. of Agric. Sci., Umea, Sweden: 9 pp.

Liskop, K. S., R. M. S. F. Sadleir, and B. P. Saunders. 1981. Reproduction and harvest of wolverine (Gulo gulo) in British Columbia. Pages 469-477 in J. A. Chapman and D. Pursley eds. Worldwide furbearer conference proceedings, Frostburg, MD.

Lofroth, E. C., and J. Krebs. 2007. The Abundance and Distribution of Wolverines in British Columbia, Canada. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2159-2169.

Lofroth, E. C., J. A. Krebs, W. L. Harrower, and D. Lewis. 2007. Food habits of wolverine (Gulo gulo) in montane ecosystems of British Columbia, Canada. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 31-37.

Lofroth, E. C., and P. K. Ott. 2007. Assessment of the Sustainability of Wolverine Harvest in British Columbia, Canada. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2193-2200.

Long, C. A. 1969. Gross morphology of the penis in seven species of the Mustelidae. Mammalia: 33(1): 145-160.

Long, C. D. 1987. Intraspecific communication of the wolverine. Page 13 in B. Townsend ed. Abstracts of the Fourth Northern Furbearer Conference. Alaska Dep. Fish and Game, Juneau, AK.

Long, J. 1791. “Beaver Eaters”. Pg. 76 [41] & Pg. 132 [95] in Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader,: Describing the Manners and Customs of the North American Indians; … To which is Added, a Vocabulary of the Chippeway Language. … A List of Words in the Iroquois, Mohegan, Shawanee, and Esquimeaux Tongues, … Published & printed for the author; and sold by Robson; Debrett; T. and J. Egerton; White and Son; Sewell; Edwards; and Messrs. Taylors, London; Fletcher, Oxford; and Bull, Bath. Reprinted & edited with Notes, Introductions, Index, etc., by Reuben Gold Thwaites. 1904. The Arthur H. Clark Company Publisher: Cleveland, Ohio.

M

Macdonald, D. W. 1985. The carnivores: order Carnivora. Pages 619-722 in R. E. Brown and D. W. Macdonald, ed. Social odours in mammals. Vol 2. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, N.Y.

Magoun, A. J. 1978. Ecology of wolverine on the North slope of Brooks Range, Alaska. In: Alaska Coop. Wildl. Res. Unit Semi-annual Rep.: 30(2): 39-47.

Magoun, A. J. 1979. Studies of wolverines on or adjacent to NPR-A. Chapter 4. in Studies of Selected Wildlife and Fish and Their Use of Habitats On and Adjacent to the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska 1977-78: US Dep of Interior, 105 (c) studies, Anchorage, AK.

Magoun, A. J. 1983. Tailing the wolverine. ADF&G Alaska Fish Tales and Game Trails Vol 15, N0. 1: p. 6-7.

Magoun, A. J. , and P. Valkenburg. 1983. Breeding behaviour of free-ranging wolverines (Gulo gulo) Acta Zool. Fennica, 174: 175-177.

Magoun, A. J. 1985. Population characteristics, ecology and management of wolverines in northwestern Alaska. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Alaska, Fairbanks. 197 pp.

Magoun, A. J., and P. S. Gipson. 1985. Ecology of wolverines in an arctic ecosystem. National Geogr. Soc. Res. Pub.: 20: 253-263.

Magoun, A. J. 1987. Sociobiology of the wolverine in northwestern Alaska. Trans. Cong. Int. Union Game Biol.: 18: 110-111. Abstract Only.

Magoun, A. J. 1987. Summer and winter diets of wolverines, (Gulo gulo), in arctic Alaska. Can. Field Nat. 101: 392-397.

Magoun, A. J. 1992. Wolverines at home under the snow. Alaska’s Wildlife: Jan-Feb 1992, pp. 7-9.

Magoun, A. J., and J. P. Copeland. 1998. Characteristics of wolverine reproductive den sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 62: 1313-1320.

Magoun, A. J., J. C. Ray, D. S. Johnson, P. Valkenburg, F. N. Dawson, and J. Bowman. 2007. Modeling Wolverine Occurrence Using Aerial Surveys of Tracks in Snow. Journal of Wildlife Management. 71(7):2221-2229.

Magoun, A. J., C. D. Long, M. K. Schwartz, K. L. Pilgrim, R. E. Lowell, and P. Valkenburg. 2011. Integrating Motion-Detection Cameras and Hair Snags for Wolverine Identification. J. Wildl. Manage. 75(3): 731–739.

Makridin, B. P. 1964. On the distribution and biology of the wolverine in the Far North. Zoologicheski Zhurnal. 43: 1688-1692.

Malez, M. 1962.( Gulo gulo L). aus dem oberen Pleistozan Dalmatiens. Bull. Sci. Zagreb: 7: 57-58.

Malez, M. 1985. Die art (Gulo gulo) (L).) (Mustelidae, Carnivora) im oberen pleistozan von istrien und dalmatien. Slov Akad Znan Umit Razpr: 26: 69-96.

Malez, M. 1986. Morphomerische und chronostratigraphische beziehungen der art (Gulo gulo) (L).) aus dem oberpleistozan der hohle vindija (Kroatien, Jugoslawien). Rad Jugos. Akad Znan Umjet: 424: 323-355.

Manning, T. H. 1943. Notes on the mammals of south and central Baffin Island. Journal of Mammalogy: 24: 47-59.

Manville, R. H. 1950. The wolverine in Michigan. The Jack Pine Warbler: 28(4): 127-129.

Marshall, D. B. 1989. Status of wolverine in Oregon. Oregon Dep. of Fish and Wildlife, Portland, OR.

Martin, H. T. 1892. Quickwahay – The Beaver Eater. Chapter XII, Pages 146-149, Chapter XIII, Pg. 160 and Chapter XIV, Pg. 174 in (Castorologia), or the History and Traditions of the Canadian Beaver. Edward Stanford: London & Wm. Drysdale & Co.: Montreal.

Martin, L. D. 1989. Fossil history of the terrestrial carnivore. Pages 536-568 (in) J. L. Gittleman, ed. Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, N.Y. 620pp.

Mastin, M. 1979. The controversial wolverine. Ontario Nat.: 19(1): 4-9.

Mathisen, J. H., A. Landa, R. Andersen, and J. L. Fox. 2003. Sex-specific differences in reindeer calf behavior and predation vulnerability. Behav. Ecol. 14: 10–15.

Matschie, P. 1918. Sechs neue Arten der Gattung (Gulo). Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin: 141-155.

Mattisson, J., J. Persson, H. Andrén, and P. Segerström. 2011. Temporal and spatial interactions between an obligate predator, the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), and a facultative scavenger, the wolverine (Gulo gulo). Can. J. Zool. 89: 79–89.

Mauer, F. J. 1985. Distribution and abundance of wolverines in the northern portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Arctic Natl. Wildl. Refuge, Progress Rep. FY85-16.: 14 pp.

May, R., A. Landa, J. van Dijk, J. D. C. Linnell, and R. Andersen. 2006. Impact of infrastructure on habitat selection of wolverines (Gulo gulo). Wildl. Biol. 12: 285-295.

May, R. 2007. Spatial Ecology of Wolverine in Scandinavia. PhD. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim. 209 pp.

May, R., J. van Dijk, J. M. Forland, R. Andersen, and A. Landa. 2008. Behavioural patterns in ewe–lamb pairs and vulnerability to predation by wolverines. 2008. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 112, Issues 1-2, July 2008, Pages 58-67.

McFarland, L. Z., V. Heushele, and P. Werner. 1961. Thymic lymphosarcoma in a wolverine. J. Amer. Vet. Med. Assoc.: 139: 563.

McIntosh, A. 1938. Description of the adult stage of Taenia twitchelli Schwartz, 1924, from an Alaskan wolverine. Proc. Helminthol. Soc. Wash.: 5: 14-15.

McKay, R. 1991. Biological assessment and inventory plan for the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in the Uinta Mountains. Utah National Heritage Program and Utah Dep. of Natl. Res., Salt Lake City.: 58 pp.

Mead, E. M., and J. I. Mead. 1989. Snake Creek burial cave and a review of the quaternary mustelids of the Great Basin, U.S.A. Great Basin Naturalist: 49: 143-154.

Mead, R. A. and P. L. Wright. 1983. Reproductive cycles of Mustelidae. Acta Zool. Fennica 174: 169-172.

Mead, R. A. 1989. The physiology and evolution of delayed implantation in carnivores. Pages 536-568 (in) J. L. Gittleman, ed. Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, N.Y. 620pp.

Mead, R. A., M. Rector, G. Starypan, S. Neirinckx, M. Jones, and M. N. DonCarlos. 1991. Reproductive biology of captive wolverines. J. Mammal. 72: 807-814.

Mead, R. A., M. Bowles, G. Starypan, and M. Jones. 1993. Evidence for pseudopregnancy and induced ovulation in captive wolverines (Gulo gulo). Zoo Biol. 12: 353-358.

Mehrer, C. F. 1976. Gestation period in the wolverine, (Gulo gulo). Jour. Mammal, 57: 570.

Melchior, H. Pp. 26, 28-27. Alaska’s Fur Harvest. Alaska Trapper:March, 1983; February, 1982.

Melchior, H. R., N. F. Johnson, and J. S. Phelps. 1987. Wild furbearer management in the western United States and Alaska. Pages 1117-1128 (in) M. Novak, J. A. Baker, M. E. Obbard eds. Wild furbearer Management and Conservation in North America. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Millard, R. 1956. Le Carcajou. Coronet: 39: 145-148.

Millen, I. M. 1946. The wolverine or glutton. San Diego Zoonooz: 19(2).

Miller, F. L. 1972. Wolverine in Gatineau Park, Quebec. Can. Field-Nat.: 86: 390.

Miller, G. C. 1980. Lynx and wolverine verification. Endangered Wildlife Investigations. Publ: Colo. Div. of Wildlife Proj. No. SE-003-R-03/WK.PL.03/FIN.

Miller, G. S. Jr. 1912. Mammals of western Europe. Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York: 1019 pp.

Miller, G. S. Jr., and R. Kellogg. 1955. List of North American recent mammals. Bulletin of the United States National Museum: 205: 746-747.

Mizell, L. R. DFaRS. 1956. Development of non-critical substitutes for wolverine fur. Washington, D.C.: Harris Research Laboratories Inc.; Quartermaster Research & Development Center. Textile Series report; 92: 197 pp.

Mohr, E. 1938. Vom Jarv (Gulo gulo L).). Zoologische Garten, Leipzig: 10: 14-21.

Moisan, Michèle. 1996. Rapport sur la situation du carcajou (Gulo gulo) au Quebec. Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Faune, Direction de la faune et des habitats. 65 p.

Montana Fish and Game. 1955. Biennial Report for May 1, 1952-April 30, 1954. Mont. Fish Game Comm., Helena: 108 pp.

Montgomery, R. G. 1966. Carcajou. 14th Ed. Caxton Printers Ltd., Caldwell, Idaho: 263 pp.

Moore, P., and A. Wheelock (eds.). 1990. Wolverine myths and visions: Dene traditions from northern Alberta. Univ. of Alberta Press, Edmonton: 259 pp.

Moors, P. J. 1980. Sexual dimorphism in the body size of mustelids: the roles of food habits and breeding systems. Oikos: 34(1): 147-158.

Morris, R. F. 1948. The land mammals of New Brunswick. J. mammal.: 29: 165-176.

Mulders, R., J. Boulanger, and D. Paetkau. 2007. Estimation of population size for wolverines (Gulo gulo) at Daring Lake, Northwest Territories, using DNA based mark-recapture methods. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 38-51.

Munro, J. A., and I. McT Cowan. 1944. Preliminary report on the birds and mammals of Kootenay National Park, British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat.: 58: 34-51.

Munro, J.A. 1945. Preliminary report on the birds and mammals of Glacier National Park, British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat.: 59: 175-190.

Murie, A. 1951-1952. Wolverine trails in Denali. Living Wilderness: 16(30): 13-20.

Murray, B. and D. F. Murray. 1969. Notes on mammals in alpine areas of the northern St. Elias Mountains, Yukon Territory and Alaska. Can Field-Nat.: 83: 331-338.

Myhre, R. 1967. Jerven. Fauna Vol. 20, No. 2: 20: 51-63.

Myhre, R. 1968. Jerven i Norge. Aldersanalyse, reproduksjon og ernaering (Gulo gulo) (L).): Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Oslo, 50 pp. + appendices. [All in Norwegian; many tables and figures.]

Myhre, R., and S. Myrberget. 1975. Diet of wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Norway. J. Mammal.: 56: 752-757.

Myrberget, S. 1968. Jervens ynglehi [The breeding den of the wolverine, (Gulo gulo).] Fauna (Oslo) 21: 108-115.

Myrberget, S. 1968. Jervens yngkehi. Fauna: 21: 108-115.

Myrberget, S., B. Groven, and R. Myhre. 1969. Tracking wolverines, (Gulo gulo), in the Jotunheim Mountains, south Norway, 1965-68. Fauna (Oslo): 22: 237-252. [In Norwegian with English summary.]

Myrberget, S. 1970. The Norwegian population of wolverine, (Gulo gulo) (L).), and Lynx, (Lynx lynx) (L).). Medd. Stat. Viltunders: 2(33): 1-35.

Myrberget, S. 1979. De store rovdyr i Norden: NKV’s mote Songli 1978. Trondheim: Direktoratet for vilt og ferskvannsfisk, 1979: 161 pp. (Viltrapport 9).

Myrberget, S., and R. Sorumgard. 1979. Time of birth and litter size in wolverines. Fauna: 32: 9-13. [In Norwegian. English abstract]

N

Nead, D. M., J. C. Halfpenny, and S. Bissell. 1984. The status of wolverines in Colorado. Northwest Sci.: 58: 286-289.

Neiland, K. A. 1962. Disease and parasite investigations. Parasitism of Alaska mammals and birds. Publ: ADF&G Proj. No. Alas. W-006-R-03/WK.PL. M/Job 01.

Nelson, E. W. 1887. Report upon Natural History Collections in Alaska.

Nelson, U. C. 1950. Investigations of the historical and current harvest of fur and game, predators taken and bounties paid and other statistics of pertinent value for the management of Alaskan wildlife. Publ: ADF&G; Project No: Alas. W-003-R-04/Wk.Pl.06/Job 01/QU4.

Newby, F. E. 1953. Montana’s wilderness wanderers. Mont. Wildl. 3: 14-15.

Newby, F. E., and P. L. Wright. 1955. Distribution and status of the wolverine in Montana. J. Mammal.: 36: 248-253.

Newby, F. E., and J. J. McDougal. 1964. Range extension of the wolverine in Montana. J. Mammal.: 45: 485-487.

Newell, D. S. 1978. A wolf, wolverine, fox and bear scat study from northern British Columbia. Unpubl. rep. Victoria, BC: Fish and Wildlife Branch: 53 pp.

Nieminen, M., and J. Leppaluoto. 1985. Damage from predation on the reindeer husbandry area in Finland during the years 1976-83. Rangifer: 5: 15-25.

Nilsen, E. B., I. Herfindal, and J. D. C. Linnell. 2005. Can intra-specific variation in carnivore home-range size be explained using remote-sensing estimates of environmental productivity? Ecoscience 12 (1): 68-75.

Novak, M. 1975. Recent status of the wolverine in Ontario. Min. Nat. Res., Queen’s Park, Toronto.: Mimeo. 17 pp.

Novakowski, N. S. 1970. Endangered Canadian mammals. Can. Field. Nat. 84: 17-23.

Novikov, G. A. 1956. Carnivorous mammals of the fauna of the USSR. Jerusalem, Israel: O.T.S. 61-11403. Translated by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1962: 62: 116-126, 196-202.

Novikov, B. V. 1992. The modern state of the population and numbers of the wolverine. Krupnye Khishchniki. Sbornik Nauchnykh Trudov TsNIL Glavokhoty RSFSR (Big Carnivores: Collected Book of the Central Research Laboratory of Game Management and Reserves) p. 84-95.: Moscow.

Nowak, R. M. 1973. Return of the wolverine. National Parks Conservation: 47: 20-23.

Nowak, R. M., and J. L. Paradiso. 1983. Walker’s mammals of the world. Fourth ed. The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore. 2: 569-1362.

O

Obbard, B. 1987. Fur grading and pelt identification. Pages 717-826 (in) M. Novak, J.A. Baker, M.E. Obbard, and B. Malloch, eds. Wild Furbearer Management and Conservation in North America. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario.

Ognev, S. I. 1935. Mammals of U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. Vol 3: Carnivora (Fissipedia and Finnipedia). Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 641 pp.

Oksanen, T. 1983. Prey caching in the hunting strategy of small mustelids. Acta Zoo. Fennica: 175: 197-199.

Olterman, J. H., and B. J. Verts. 1972. Endangered plants and animals of Oregon. IV: Mammals. Oregon Agric. Exp. Sta., Corvallis Spec. Rep. 364: 47 pp.

Osgood, W. H. 1900. Results of a biological reconnaissance of the Yukon River region. N. Amer. Fauna: 19: 44.

Osgood, W. H. 1901. Natural history of the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia: natural history of the Cook Inlet region, Alaska. N. Amer. Fauna: 21: 1-87.

Overskaug, K., T. Kvam, and O. J. Sorensen. 1986. Jerv i Norge 1984. Arbeidsrapport fra Rovviltprosjektet Nr. 24, Trondheim.: 49 pp. [In Swedish.]

P

Palmer, R. S. 1937. Mammals of Maine. Unpubl. BA thesis, Univ. Maine, Orono.: 181 pp.

Palviniyazov, M. 1972. Feeding and practical value of furbearing animals on the Vstyurt Plateau. Vestnkarakalp Fil. Akad. Nauk. Uzbssrl: pp.32-37.

Parovshchikov, V. Y. 1960. On the biology of the wolverine and the otter. Zool. Zhurn. Vol. 39: 7: 111.

Pasitschniak-Arts, M., and S. Larivière. 1995. (Gulo gulo), Mammalian Species. Amer. Soc. of Mammalogists, 499: 1-10.

Patenaude, F. 1989. Projet: Repeuplement du carcajou (Gulo gulo), Phase: Garde en captivite, faisabilite et proposition. Ministere du Loisir, de la Chasse et de la Peche: 40 pp.

Patent, D. H. 1973. The stinker, the digger, and the devil. Pages 37-51in Weasels, otters, skunks, and their family. Holiday House, New York. 95 pp.

Patterson, J. R., and E. L. Bowhay. 1968. Four recent records of wolverines in Washington. Murrelet: 49: 12-13.

Paturel, C. 1987. Situation du Carcajou (Gulo gulo) au Quebec et au Nouveau-Quebec. UQAR: 27 pp.

Pavel, H. 1979. Protection and killing of wolves, bears, wolverines and lynxes in Norway. Viltrapport Dir. Vilt Fersk. Trondheim No. 9: 23-28.

Peacock, S. 2011. Projected 21st century climate change for wolverine habitats within the contiguous United States. Environ. Res. Lett. 6 014007: 9pp.

Pengelly, W. L. 1951. Recent records of wolverines in Idaho. J. Mammal. 32: 224-225.

Persson, J., T. Willebrand, A. Landa, R. Andersen, and P. Segerström. 2003. The role of intraspecific predation in the survival of juvenile wolverines (Gulo gulo). – Wildl. 9: 21-28.

Persson, J. 2005. Female wolverine (Gulo gulo) reproduction: reproductive costs and winter food availability. Can. J. Zool. 83: 1453–1459.

Persson, J. 2007. Preface. Wildl. Biol. 13: Suppl. 2.

Peterson, R. L. 1966. The mammals of eastern Canada. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford. 465 pp.

Pettersson, J. O. 1967. New regulations for hunting wolf, bear, lynx, wolverine, cattle birds legislation. Zool. Revy.: 29(4): 103-104.

Philippa, J. D. W., F. A. Leighton, P. Y. Daoust, O. Nielsen, M. Pagliarulo, H. Schwantje, T. Shury, R. Van Herwijnen, B. E. E. Martina, T. Kuiken, M. W. G. Van de Bildt, and A. D. M. E. Osterhaus. 2004. Antibodies to selected pathogens in free-ranging terrestrial carnivores and marine mammals in Canada. Veterinary Record 155: 135-140.

Pierard, J. 1983. Mammalogie, Mammiferes du Quebec. Marcel Broquet Inc., Laprairie, Que.

Pocock, R. I. 1921. On the external characters and classification of the Mustelidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1921: 803-807.

Pond, C. M., C. A. Mattaks, and M. A. Ramsay. 1994. The anatomy and chemical composition of adipose tissue in wild wolverines (Gulo gulo) in northern Canda. Journal of Zoology (London): 232: 603-616.

Poole, K. G. 1991. Wolverine carcass collections in the western Northwest Territories. Progress Report to June 1991.

Poole, K. G. 1992. Wolverine carcass collections in the western Northwest Territories, 1991-92. (Unpubl. reps.) Yellowknife, NWT: Department of Renewable Resources.: 6 pp.

Porsild, A. E. 1945. Mammals of the Mackenzie Delta. Can. Field-Nat.: 59: 4-22.

Porter, L. 1988. Late Pleistocene fauna of Lost Chicken Creek, Alaska. Arctic: 41: 303-313.

Preble, E. A. 1908. A biological investigation of the Athabaska-McKenzie region. N. Am. Fauna: 27: 1-574.

Prell, H. 1932. Ueber die tragzeilverhaeltnizse beim Vielfrass (Gulo Linne). Zool. Anz.: 97(5-6): 113-123.

Prescott, J. 1983. Wolverine, (Gulo gulo), in Lake St. John area, Quebec. Can. Field Nat. 97: 457-458.

Pulliainen, E. 1963. Ahman esiintymisesta ja elintavoista suomessa (Occurrence and habits of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Finland). Suomen Riista: 26: 109-119. [In Finnish with English summary.]

Pulliainen, E. 1966. Jarven i Finland. Finlands Nat.: 25: 17-20.

Pullliainen, E., and O. S. Alfthan. 1967. Two cases of perodactylus in the same litter of wolverine (Gulo gulo L.) in Finland. Ann. Zool. Fenn.: 4: 592-594.

Pulliainen, E. 1968. Breeding biology of the wolverine (Gulo gulo L).) in Finland. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 5: 338-344.

Pulliainen, E. 1974. The Finnish great predators. 2nd edition. Helsinki.: 263 pp.

Pulliainen, E., and P. Ovaskainen. 1975. Territory marking by a wolverine (Gulo gulo) in northeastern Lapland. Ann. Zool. Fenn. 12: 268-270.

Pulliainen, E. 1987. Recording of the large predator populations of the frontier districts of Finland. Lapin Tutkimusseura: 28: 31-36.

Pulliainen, E. 1988. Ecology, status, and management of the Finnish wolverine (Gulo gulo) populations. Lutra. 31: 21-28.

Q

Quay, W. B. 1951. Observations on mammals of the Seward Peninsula, Alaska. J. Mamm.: 32(1): 88-99.

Quick, H. F. 1952. Some characteristics of wolverine fur. J. Mammal.: 33: 492-493.

Quick, H. F. 1953. Wolverine, fisher, and marten studies in a wilderness region. Trans. N. Amer. Wildl. Conf. 18: 513-532.

Quick, H. F. 1953. Occurrence of porcupine quills in carnivorous mammals. J. Mammal.: 34: 256-259.

R

Rand, A. L. 1945. Mammals of Yukon, Canada. Nat. Mus. Canada, Bull. No. 100, Ottawa: 93 pp.

Randla, T. 1986. On a new occurrence of wolverine in Estonia. Eesti Ulukik: 4: 77-78.

Ranheim, B., R. Andersen, J. Persson, P. Segerström, and J. M. Arnemo. 2003. Anesthesia of free-ranging wolverine (Gulo gulo) [abstract]. Accepted for presentation at the 8th World Congress of Veterinary Anesthesia; 16-20 September, 2003; Knoxville, TN, USA

Rausch, R. L. 1951. Notes on the Nunamiut Eskimo and mammals of the Anaktuvak Pass region, Brooks Range, Alaska. Arctic: 4: 147-195.

Rausch, R. L. 1953. On the status of some arctic mammals. Arctic: 6: 91-148.

Rausch, R. L. 1959. Studies on the helminth fauna of Alaska. J. Parasitol. 45: 465-484.

Rausch, R. A. 1966. Alaska wildlife investigations. Fed. Proj. Rep. W-6-R-7: 48 pp.

Rausch, R. A. 1968. Wolverine studies. ADF&G Annual Report on Survey-Inventory Activities/Project Progress Reports, Fed. Aid in Wildlife Restoration Project W-15-R-2 and 3, Work Plan O: 22 pp.

Rausch, R. A., and A. M. Pearson. 1972. Notes on the wolverine in Alaska and the Yukon territory. J. Wildl. Manage. 36: 249-268.

Rausch, R. A. 1979. Statewide wolverine harvest in Alaska. ADF&G Annual Report of Survey-Inventory Activities.

Reed, E. B. 1956. Notes on some birds and mammals of the Colville River, Alaska. Canadian Field-Naturalist: 70: 130-136.

Reichard, M. V., L. Torretti, J. M. Garvon, and J. P. Dubey. 2008. Prevalence of Antibodies to (Toxoplasma gondii) in Wolverines From Nunavut, Canada. J. Parasitol., 94(3), pp. 764-765.

Reichard, M. V., L. Torretti, T. A. Snider, J. M. Garvon, G. Marucci, and E. Pozio. 2008. (Trichinella) T6 and (Trichinella native) in Wolverines (Gulo gulo) from Nunavut, Canada. Parasitol. Res. 103: 657-661.

Ritter, C. 1942. Common wolverine Gulo luscus. Wyo. Wildl.: 7(9): 5-6.

Rollins, R. 1993. Abundance of furbearers in British Columbia:A survey of trappers, 1992. Unpubl. rep. Victoria, British Columbia: BC Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Wildlife Branch.: 12 pp.

Roskaft, E. 1990. Jerven. Pages 152-164 (in) A. Semb-Johansson, E. Frislid, eds. Norges Dyr. Pattedyren I. Cappelen, Oslon.

Royle, J. A., A. J. Magoun, B. Gardner, P. Valkenburg, and R. E. Lowell. 2011. Density Estimation in a Wolverine Population Using Spatial Capture–Recapture Models. J. Wildl. Manage. 75(3): 604–611.

Ruggiero, L. F., K. S. McKelvey, K. B. Aubry, J. P. Copeland, D. H. Pletscher, and M. G. Hornocker. 2007. Wolverine Conservation and Management. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2145-2146.

Rust, H. J. 1946. Mammals of northern Idaho. J. Mammal.: 27: 308-327.

Ruth, F. S. 1954. Wolverine seen in Squaw Valley, California. J. Mammal. 35: 594-595.

S

Sæther, B. E., S. Engen, J. Persson, H. Brøseth, A. Landa, and T. Willebrand. 2005. Management Strategies for the Wolverine in Scandinavia. J. Wildl. Manage. 69(3): 1001-1014.

Sandell, M. JLPS. 1993. Det svenska Jarvprojektet – ekologi och bevarande. Arsrapport.

Sander, B. Egy hazal holocenkorl rozsomak (Gulo gulo) eiolordulasasrol. Vertebrata Hungarica, Musei Historico Naturalis Hungarici. 1 (2): 227-235. [In Hungarian with German summary]

Santy, D. 1963. Bear and wolverine near Beechy, Saskatchewan. Blue-Jay: 21(3): 119.

Schamberger, M. L. 1970. Mammals of Mt. Rainier Park. PhD Thesis, Oregon State Univ., Corvallis. 121 pp.

Scheffer, V. B. 1938. Notes on wolverine and fisher in the state of Washington. Murrelet. 19: 8-10.

Scheffer, V. B. 1941. Wolverine captured in Okanogan County, Washington. Murrelet. 22: 37.

Schempf, P. F. and M. White. 1977. Status of six furbearer populations in the mountains of northern California. US Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, California Region: 51 pp.

Schorger, A. W. 1939. Wolverine in Michigan. J. Mammal. 20: 503.

Schorger, A. W. 1946. Records of wolverine for Wisconsin and Minnesota. J. Mammal. 27: 90.

Schorger, A. W. 1948. Further records of the wolverine for Wisconsin and Michigan. J. Mammal. 29: 295.

Schwartz, M. K., K. B. Aubry, K. S. McKelvey, K. L. Pilgrim, J. P. Copeland, J. R. Squires, R. M. Inman, S. M. Wisely, and L. F. Ruggiero. 2007. Inferring Geographic Isolation of Wolverines in California Using Historical DNA. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2170-2179.

Scotter, G. W. 1964. Occurrence of a wolverine in southwestern Alberta. J. Mammal. 45: 629.

Serebryakov, V. F. 1984. Wolverine dens in tundra of the Bolshezemelsky area. Zool. Zh. 63: 953-955. [In Russian, English summary.]

Seton, E. T. 1909. Life histories of northern animals. Scribner’s Sons, New York. 2: 945-965.

Seton, E. T. 1929. Lives of game animals. Doubleday, Doran & Co., Inc., New York. 2: 369-374.

Seton, E. T. 1931. Two records for New Mexico. J. Mammal.: 12: 166.

Seymour, G. 1971. Recent sightings indicate wolverine may be increasing. Outdoor Calif.: 32(6): 8-9.

Sheldon, C. 1930. The wilderness of Denali. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.: 412 pp.

Sheldon, W. G. 1932. Mammals collected or observed in the vicinity of Laurier Pass, British Columbia. J. Mammal. 13: 196-203.

Shilo, R. A., and M. A. Tamarovskaya. 1981. The growth and development of wolverines (Gulo gulo) at Novosibirsk Zoo, U.S.S.R. Internatl. Zoo. Yearbook: 21: 146-147.

Shufeldt, R. W. 1922. Badgers and wolverine. Amer. Forest. 28: 108-112.

Shufeldt, R. W. 1924. The skull of the wolverine (Gulo luscus). J. Mammal.: 5: 189-193.

Singer, F. J. 1991. Some predictions concerning a wolf recovery into Yellowstone National Park:How wolf recovery may affect visitors, ungulates, and other predators. Trans. North AM. Wildl. and Natl. Res. Conf. 56: 567-583.

Skinner, M. P. 1927. The predatory and furbearing animals of the Yellowstone National Park. Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin: 4(2): 194-195.

Skinner, D. L., and A. W. Todd. 1988. Distribution and status of selected mammals in Alberta as indicated by trapper questionnaires in 1987. Alberta Fish and Wildlife Div., Occ. Paper No. 4, Edmonton: Pp. 15-16.

Slough, B.G. 2007. Status of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Canada. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 76-82.

Smith, J. G. 1956. Will the devil beast return? Wyo. Wild. 29(5): 20-25.

Soper, J. D. 1942. Mammals of Wood Buffalo Park, northern Alberta and District of Mackenzie. J. Mammal. 23: 129.

Soper, J. D. 1944. Mammals of southern Baffin Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. J. Mammal. 25: 233.

Soper, J. D. 1947. Observations on mammals and birds in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta. Can. Field. Nat. 61: 148.

Soper, J. D. 1948. Mammal notes from the Grande Prairie-Peace River region, Alberta. J. Mammal. 29: 49-?

Soper, J. D. 1961. The mammals of Manitoba. Can. Field-Nat. 75: 207.

Soper, J. D. 1964. The mammals of Alberta. Hamly Press Limited, Edmonton, Alberta. 402 pp.

Soper, J. D. 1973. The mammals of Waterton Lakes National Park Alberta. Can. Wildl. Serv. Rep. Ser. No. 23, Ottawa. 55 pp.

Sorensen, O. J., and T. Kvam. 1984. The role of female with young in wolverine depredation on domestic sheep in Norwegian mountain pastures. Poster, Mustelid Workshop at the IVth Theriological Congress, Edmonton. 5 pp.

Sotnivoca, M. V. 1982. To the history of the genus (Gulo )in Eurasia. Trudy Zoo. Inst. Leningr. 111: 65-73.

Spahn, J. J. 1954. Wolverine. Colo. Cons.: 3(2): 1-3.

Sprunt, A. 1944. Ishmaelite: the wolverine–one of our least known mammals. Audubon Mag.: 46: 331-335.

Squires, J. R., J. P. Copeland, T. J. Ulizio, M. K. Schwartz, and L. F. Ruggiero. 2007. Sources and Patterns of Wolverine Mortality in Western Montana. J. Wildl. Manage. 71(7): 2213-2220.

Stains, H. J. 1979. Primeness in North American furbearers. Wildl. Soc. Bull.: 7: 120-124.

Stanwell-Fletcher, J. F., and T. C. Stanwell-Fletcher. 1943. Some accounts of the flora and fauna of the Driftwood Valley Region of north central British Columbia. B.C. Prov. Mus. Occas. Pap. No. 4.: 97 pp.

Stebler, A. M. 1936. Wildlifer fans an old, old controversy…did wolverine ever occur in Michigan? Mich. Cons. 5 (11): 4.

Steinbacher, G. 1938. Der Vielfrass, ein wenig bekanntes nordesches Raubwild. (Glutton, a little known northern wild carnivore). Aus der Natur (Der Naturforscher): 15 (6): 190-191.

Stenseth, N. C., and H. Steen. 1987. Dynamics of small populations with special reference to bears, wolverines, and wolves in Norway: a theoretical study. Viltrapport No. 45: 1-53.

Stiller, M, D. Döppes, A. Sher, M. Sotnikova, G. Baryshnikov, A. Abramov, P. A. Kosintsev, E. Willerslev, M. Germonpré, D. Ivanoff, M. Nussbaumer, R. S. Sommer, S. Constantin and M. Hofreiter. 2008. Wolverine (Gulo gulo) population dynamics through space and time. Poster presented at Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution Meeting, Barcelona, Spain, June 5-8, 2008.

Stroganov, S. U. 1969. Carnivorous mammals of Siberia. Israel Programs for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem. 522 pp.

Sullivan, T. P. 1986. Influence of wolverine (Gulo gulo) odor on feeding behavior of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus). J. Mammal. 67: 385-388.

Surber, T. 1932. The mammals of Minnesota. Game and Fish Dep.: St. Paul.: 84 pp.

Sutcliffe, A. J., T. C. Lord, R. S. Harmon, M. Ivanovich, A. Rae, and J. W. Hess. 1985. Wolverine in northern England at about 83,000 yr B.P. faunal evidence for climatic change during isotope stage 5. Quarternary Research: 24: 73-86.

Sutton, R. W. 1961. The cunning wolverine. Winnipeg Free Press, December 16.

Svihla, R. D. 1931. Mammals of the Uinta Mountain region. J. Mammal.: 12: 256-266.

Swales, W. E. 1938. Skrjabingylus nasicola (Leuckart, 1842) Petrow, 1927, a nematode parasitic in the frontal sinuses of American Mustelidae. Livr. Jubv. Prof. Travassos: 3: 455-459.

Swanson, G. TSaTR. 1945. The mammals of Minnesota. Minn. Dep. of Conserv. Tech. Bull. No. 2: 108 pp.

Swanson, S. A. 1994. Furbearer harvest study, Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Tech. Rep. NPS/ARRNR/NRTR-94/21, USDI, National Park Service, Alaska: 38 pp.

T

Taylor, K. 1978. The wolverine in Alaska. ADF&G, Juneau: 2 pp.

Telfer, E. S., and J. P. Kelsall. 1984. Adaptation of some large North American mammals for survival in the snow. Ecol. 65: 1828-1834.

Teplov, V. P. 1955. On the winter ecology of the glutton in the Pechora Natura Preserve. Byell. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Otd. Biol.: 60: 1

Thomas, E. M. 1952. The furbearing mammals of Wyoming: wolverine. Wyoming Wildlife: 16(10): 24-27.

Tobien, H. 1957. Cuon Hodg. and (Gulo )Firsch (Carnivora, Mammalia) from the early Pleistocene sands of Mosbach near Wiesbaden. Acta Zool. Cracov.: 2(18): 433-451.

Todd, A. W., and L. C. Geisbrecht. 1979. Alberta fur production and management 1920 to 1978. Alberta Fish and Wildlife Div., Alberta Energy and Natural Resources, Edmonton: 37 pp.

Tomasik, E., and J. A. Cook. 2005. Mitochondrial Phylogeography and Conservation Genetics of Wolverine (Gulo gulo) of Northwestern North America. J. Mammal. 86(2): 386-396.

Toner, G. C. 1946. Notes on the mammals of the lower Chilcotin River region, Caribou District, British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat.: 60: 87.

Tryland, M., T. Sandvik, J. M. Arnemo, G. Stuve, Ø. Olsvik, and T. Traavik. 1998. Antibodies against orthopoxviruses in wild carnivores from Fennoscandia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 34: 443-450.

Tumanov, I. L. 1993. Ecological determination of the level of energy metabolism in some mustelids. Lutreola No. 1, 1993: Pp. 17-21.

Tweten, R. G. 1984. Baseline survey of furbearing mammals within the South Fork Drainage Sun River, Montana. M.S. Thesis, Montana State University, Bozeman. 72 pp.

U

Ulke, T. 1923. Occurrence and distribution of mammals in Yoho Park, British Columbia. Can. Field-Nat.: 37: 62-64.

V

van Dijk, J., K. Hauge, A. Landa, R. Andersen, and R. May. 2007. Evaluating scat analysis methods to assess wolverine Gulo gulo diet. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 62-67.

van Dijk, J. 2008. Wolverine foraging strategies in a multiple-use landscape. 2008. PhD. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim. 187 pp.

van Dijk, J., L. Gustavsen, A. Mysterud, R. May, Ø. Flagstad, H. Brøseth, R. Andersen, R. Andersen, H. Steen and A. Landa. 2008. Diet shift of a facultative scavenger, the wolverine, following recolonization of wolves. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 1183-1190.

Vangen, K. M., J. Persson, A. Landa, R. Andersen, and P. Segerström. 2001. Characteristics of dispersal in wolverines. Can. J. Zool. 79: 1641–1649.

Van Valkenburgh, B. 1989. Carnivore dental adaptations and diet: a study of trophic diversity within guilds. Pages 410-565 (in) Gittleman, ed. Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Cornell Univ. Press.

Van Zyll de Jong, C. G. 1970. Past and present status of furbearers in Manitoba and an assessment of the needs for furbearer management and research. Manitoba Wildlife Branch Biological Report.

Van Zyll de Jong, C. G., and R. Nero. 1971. Extinct, rare and endangered wildlife of Manitoba. Manitoba Dep. of Mines, Res. and Env. Mgmt. Research Branch M.S. Rep. No. 71-2: 55 pp.

Van Zyll de Jong, C. G. 1972. The status of the wolverine in Manitoba. Manitoba Dep. of Mines, Res. and Env. Mgmt., Research Branch, M.S. Rep. No. 72-2: 17 pp.

Van Zyll de Jong, C. G. 1975. The distribution and abundance of the wolverine (Gulo gulo) in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 89: 431-437.

Velezhanin, A. G. 1974. Rare animals of the Altai, USSR. Byull. Mosk. O-dtd. Ispyt. Prir. Otd. Biol.: 79(6): 140-141.

Vrtis, V. 1970. Scent glands in Carnivora. Lynx, New Ser. 11: 29-31.

W

Wandrey, R. 1981. Ein fall von erfolgreicher extirpation eines hauttumors bei einem Vielfrass (Gulo gulo). Zeitschrift Kolner Zoo 24(3): 111.

Warren, E. R. 1942. The mammals of Colorado. Univ of Oklahoma Press: Norman, Oklahoma: 330 pp.

Webster, J. D. 1949. Notes from southeastern Alaska. J. Mammal.: 30: 81.

Weddle, F. 1965. The wolverine in the west. Defenders Wildl. News: 40(5): 54-56.

Weddle, F. 1968. The wolverine: the problems of a wilderness outcast. Defenders Wildl. News: 43: 156-168.

Weddle, F. 1971. Following the Wolverine’s Trail. Defenders Wildl. News: Spring 1971: pp. 57-66.

Weinberg, U. 1979. Valid ground rules on protection and hunting of the wolf, bear, wolverine and lynx in Sweden. Viltrapport Dir. Vilt Fersk. Trondheim no. 9: 29-34.

White J. A., H. G. McDonald, E. Anderson, and J. M. Soiset. 1984. Lava blisters and carnivore traps. Spec. Pub. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. 8: 241-256.

White, J. S., and W. B. Barrett. 1979. A review of the wolverine in California with recommendations for management. USDA Forest Service, San Francisco, CA: 71 pp.

White, K. S., H. N. Golden, K. J. Hundertmark, and G. R. Lee. 2002. Predation by wolves, (Canis lupus), on wolverines, (Gulo gulo), and an American marten, (Martes americana), in Alaska. Canadian Field-Naturalist 116: 132-134.

White, R. B. 1958. The wolverine–one of nature’s most maligned animals. Audubon: 60(2): 66-67,84-85.

Whitman, J. S., and W. Ballard. 1983. Big game studies. Vol. VII, Wolverine. ADF&G Unpubl. Rep. Susitna Hydroelectric Project; Phase II Progress Report. 1982 Annual Report.: 25 pp.

Whitman, J. S., and W. B. Ballard. 1984. Susitna Hydroelectric Project, 1983 Annual Report. Big Game Studies. Vol. VII Wolverine. ADF&G: 25 pp.

Whitman, J. S., W. B. Ballard, and C. L. Gardner. 1986. Home range and habitat use by wolverines in southcentral Alaska. J. Wildl. Manage. 50: 460-463.

Whiteway P. 1996. Wolverine country. Can. Mining Journal 117: 6-7.

Wiig, O. 1989. Craniometric variation in Norwegian wolverines (Gulo gulo L). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society: 95: 177-204.

Wilber, C. G. 1946. Mammals of Knik River Valley, Alaska. J. Mammal.: 27: 213-216.

Wildlife Management Institute. 1974. Wolverine expands range. Wildl. Manage. Inst., Wash., D.C.:Outdoor News Bull. 28(9): 4.

Williams, J. F., and A. W. Dade. 1976. Dirofilaria immitis infection in a wolverine. J. Parasitol.: 62: 174-175.

Wilson, D. E. 1982. Wolverine. Pages 644-652 (in )J. A. Chapman and G. A. Feldhamer eds. Wild mammals of North America. Biology, management, and economics. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press.

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder. 1993. Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1206 pp.

Wilson, N., and R. L. Zarnke. 1985. Occurrence of the ear canker mite, Otodectes cynotis (Hering), on the wolverine, (Gulo gulo) (L).). Journal of Wildlife Diseases: 21: 180.

Wislocki, G. B., and E. C. Amoroso. 1956. Placenta of the wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus)s (Linnaeus). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harv., Coll.: 114(3): 91-100.

Withers, P. C. TCaKC. 1979. Allometry of respiratory and hematological parameters of Arctic mammals. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 64A: 343-350.

Wood, N. A. 1921. A wolverine in a tree. J. Mammal. 2: 234.

Wooding, F. H. 1982. Wild mammals of Canada. McGraw-Hill Ryerson Limited, Toronto. 272 pp.

Woods, G. T. 1944. Longevity of captive wolverines. Amer. Midland Nat. 31: 505.

Woods, G. T. 1946. The wolverine. Nat. Mag.: 39(8): 426-428.

Wright, J. D., and J. Ernst. 2004. Effects of mid-winter snow depth on stand selection by Wolverines, (Gulo gulo luscus), in the boreal forest. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118(1): 56-60.

Wright, J. D., and J. Ernst. 2004. Wolverine, (Gulo gulo luscus), resting sites and caching behavior in the boreal forest. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118(1): 61-64.

Wright, P. L., and R. Rausch. 1955. Reproduction in the wolverine,( Gulo gulo). J. Mammal. 36: 346-355.

Wright, P. L. 1963. Variations in reproductive cycles in North American mustelids. Pages 77-97 (in) A. C. Enders ed. Delayed Implantation. Univ. Chicago Press.

X

Xiaofeng, X., and W. Haipo. 1987. Fossil Gulo in China. Vertebrate Palasiat. 25: 306-314.

Y

Yocum, C. F. 1973. Wolverine records in the Pacific coastal states and new records for northern California. Calif. Fish and Game. 59: 207-209.

Yocum, C. F. 1974. Recent wolverine records in Washington and Oregon. Murrelet. 55: 15-18.

Youngman, P. M. 1975. Mammals of the Yukon Territory. Natl.Mus. Canada Publ. Zool. No. 10, Ottawa: 192 pp.

Z

Zhang, M., L. Qunxiu, R. Piao, and G. Jiang. 2007. The wolverine (Gulo gulo) population and its distribution in the Great Khingan Mountains, northeastern China. Wildl. Biol. 13 (Suppl. 2): 83-88.

Zielinski W. J., and T. E. Kucera, eds. 1996. American marten, fisher, lynx, and wolverine: survey methods for their detection. USDA For. Serv., Pac. Southwest Res. Stn., Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-157. 163pp.

Zyryanov, A. N. 1989. Spatial distribution, feeding and reproductive behavior of wolverine in Siberia. Bulletin Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody Ot Del Biologicheskee: 94: 3-12.

Back to Top
Go Back